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Membracoidea

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The superfamily Membracoidea of sap-sucking true-bugs includes two of the largest families within what used to be called the "Homoptera": the leafhoppers (Cicadellidae) and the treehoppers (Membracidae). The other families in this group are quite small, and have, at various points, generally been included as members within other families, though they are all presently considered to be valid, monophyletic groups. The relict family Myerslopiidae is restricted to New Zealand and South America while the Melizoderidae consist of two genera restricted to South America.[1][2] The great diversity of Neotropical taxa suggests that the group originated in that region.

Membracoidea  

Karajassidae

     

Jascopidae

       

Aetalionidae

   

Membracidae

     

Cicadellidae

     

Melizoderidae

     

Myerslopiidae

        Family relations within the Membracoidea[3][4]

The Membracoidea share the following anatomical characteristics, a tentorium which is incomplete, the midcoxae are enlarged; and the mid and hind tibiae have rows of setae. The position of Jascopidae represented by Jascopus notabilis and Homopterulum jelli is not entirely clear but they have setal rows on the front and middle tibiae.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Szwedo, Jacek (2004). "An annotated checklist of Myerslopiidae with notes on the distribution and origin of the group (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha)". Zootaxa. 425: 1–15. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.425.1.1.
  2. ^ Szwedo, Jacek (2004). "A new genus and six new species of ground-dwelling leafhoppers from Chile and New Zealand (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Myerslopiidae)". Zootaxa. 424: 1–20. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.424.1.1. Abstract
  3. ^ Cryan, Jason R (2005). "Molecular phylogeny of Cicadomorpha (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadoidea, Cercopoidea and Membracoidea): Adding evidence to the controversy". Systematic Entomology. 30 (4): 563–574. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2004.00285.x. S2CID 81988116.
  4. ^ Andrew, K. G (1999). "The ground-dwelling leafhoppers Myerslopiidae, new family, and Sagmatiini, new tribe (Homoptera : Membracoidea)". Invertebrate Systematics. 13 (2): 207. doi:10.1071/IT96028.
  5. ^ Dietrich, Christopher H.; Deitz, Lewis L. (1993). "Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). II. Cladistic analysis and conclusions". Systematic Entomology. 18 (4): 297–311. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.1993.tb00668.x. ISSN 0307-6970. S2CID 83755026.

References

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Membracoidea: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Membracoidea share the following anatomical characteristics, a tentorium which is incomplete, the midcoxae are enlarged; and the mid and hind tibiae have rows of setae. The position of Jascopidae represented by Jascopus notabilis and Homopterulum jelli is not entirely clear but they have setal rows on the front and middle tibiae.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
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original
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