dcsimg

Distribution

provided by Echinoderms of Panama

Cosmopolitan in temperate and warm temperate seas, intertidal to more than 200 m depth. Common among algae in tidepools and under stones in gravel.

In Panama this species has been collected from both the eastern Pacific and the Caribbean Sea. In the Pacific it was collected from Panama Bay (USNM E 27229, USNM E 27230, USNM E 27225, USNM E 27237, Centroid Latitude: 8.8769, Centroid Longitude: -79.5567), Gulf of Panama, while in the Caribbean Sea it is recorded from North of Palina Island (USNM 1117663 & USNM 1117664; Centroid Latitude: 9.6131, Centroid Longitude: -79.5972), Colon, and from Fort Randolph (USNM E 26409), Margarita Island, Limon Bay, from shallow water.

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Evolution

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Amphipholis squamata is a species complex, the individual species only distinguishable by molecular markers (see Le Gac et al., 2004)

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References and links

provided by Echinoderms of Panama

Clark, A.M. and J. Courtman-Stock. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.

Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 73(6):; 133-147.

Gosner, K.L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p.

Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 336-351.

Linkletter, L.E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68 p.

Mah, C.L., D.G. McKnight, M.K. Eagle, D.L. Pawson, N. Ameziane, D.J. Vance, A.N. Baker, H.E.S. Clark, and N. Alcock. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata. In Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) The New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch; 371-400.

Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp.

Pawson, D. L., D. J. Vance, C. G. Messing, F. A. Solis-Marin, and C. L. Mah. (2009). Echinodermata of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1177–1204 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College S.

Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.

Trott, T.J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist (Special Issue 2): 261 - 324.

Barcode of Life

GenBank

World Ophiuroidea Database

LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125064



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Reproduction

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Hermaphrodite, possibly self-fertilising, viviparous. Broods young in bursal slits near arm attachment sites.

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Synonymised taxa

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Amphipholis squamata

provided by wikipedia EN

Amphipholis squamata, common names brooding snake star and dwarf brittle star, is a species of brittle star in the family Amphiuridae.[2][3][4]

Description

 src=
Jaws

This species is small, grey to bluish-white, and phosphorescent. It has thin, short arms around 20 mm long. The round disc is 3 to 5mm, and has a scale covering with D-shaped radial plates. It has rhombic-shaped mouth shields and extremely wide mouth papillae.

Distribution

Amphipholis squamata is found in all parts of the British Isles and also in Ireland. It has also been recorded in many other parts of the world.

Habitat

This brittle star lives in the intertidal zone in shallow water, and can be found under large stones, shells, and around sessile invertebrates such as bryozoans.

Parasites

This brittle star hosts at least two species of ectoparasites. The following two that have been confirmed are both copepods:

Synonyms

 src=
Amphipholis squamata found on Great Cumbrae, Scotland
  • Asterias noctiluca Viviani, 1805
  • Ophiura elegans Leach, 1815 [suppressed]
    • Amphiura elegans (Leach, 1815)
  • Asterias squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828
    • Amphioplus squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
    • Amphiura squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
    • Axiognathus squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
  • Amphiura neglecta Forbes, 1843
  • Ophiolepis tenuis Ayres, 1854
  • Amphiura tenera Lütken, 1856
    • Amphipholis tenera (Lütken, 1856)
  • Amphiura tenuispina Ljungman, 1865
    • Amphipholis tenuispina (Ljungman, 1865)
    • Amphipholis squamata tenuispina (Ljungman, 1865)
  • Amphipholis appressa Ljungman, 1872
  • Amphipholis kinbergi Ljungman, 1872
  • Amphipholis lineata Ljungman, 1872
  • Amphipholis patagonica Ljungman, 1872
  • Amphiura parva Hutton, 1878
  • Amphipholis australiana H.L. Clark, 1909
  • Ophiactis minor Döderlein, 1910
    • Amphipholis minor (Döderlein, 1910)
  • Amphipholis japonica Matsumoto, 1915
  • Amphipholis tissieri Reys, 1961

References

  1. ^ "Marine Species Identification Portal : Amphipholis squamata". Species-identification.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "The Marine Life Information Network". MarLIN. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  3. ^ "Amphipholis squamata - Marine Life Encyclopedia". Habitas.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  4. ^ "The World Ophiuroidea Database - Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)". Marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02.


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Amphipholis squamata: Brief Summary

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Amphipholis squamata, common names brooding snake star and dwarf brittle star, is a species of brittle star in the family Amphiuridae.

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Biology

provided by World Register of Marine Species
This species is luminescent with a greenish light.

Reference

Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India. 1-17.

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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Sabine Stöhr [email]

Breeding

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Hermaphrodite, possibly self-fertilising, viviparous. May-September?
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Camba Reu, Cibran [email]

Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Description: Arm length to 15 mm, disc diamter to 2.5 mm. Disc with obvious scales and with a pair of D-shaped radial shields, half the disc radius in length, twice as long as wide, contiguous. Three oral papillae on each side of the jaw. Aboral arm plates wider than long, distal margin convex. Three arm spines, as long as the segment. Two tentacle scales. Disc colour mottled bluish-grey and pink, the distal part of the radial shields standing out as a bright spot surrounded by darker colour. Arms marked with darker spots. Habitat: lower eulittoral on the underside of stones and among seaweed, and deeper on sand, mud and among seagrasses. Also recorded in SE Arabia, W India, Pakistan, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadeep (India) in Sastry (1991). General distribution: tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); circumglobal (northeastern North America, northern Europe, South Africa, new Zealand, Indo-Pacific Ocean), depth range 0-500 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); temperate and tropical waters worldwide (Richmond, 1998). Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, continental slope (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Distribution

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Arctic to Florida; Alaska to S. California
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Mary Kennedy [email]

Distribution

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Cosmopolitan in temperate and warm temperate seas
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Distribution

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Intertidal to more than 200 m depth. Common along algae in tidepools and damp places , and under stones in gravel, from aboout mid-tide level down, all round the British Isles; occasional offshore among gravel and shells. Cosmopolitan in temperate and in warm seas, but A. squamata is probably a species complex, the individual species distinguishable by molecular methods only (Le Gac et al., 2004)
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Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Camba Reu, Cibran [email]

Habitat

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Found from the intertidal zone to 828 m depth, often with tunicates, prefers rock, algae covered and gravel substrate.
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Mary Kennedy [email]

Habitat

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Known from seamounts and knolls
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bibliographic citation
Clark, A.M. (1977). The South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises, part 4: Echinoderms. <em>Ann. S. Afr. Mus.</em> 73(6):; 133-147. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) Mallefet, J. (2009). Echinoderm bioluminescence: Why, when and how do so many ophiuroids glow?. <em>In: Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (eds). Bioluminescence in Focus - A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India.</em> 1-17. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Description

provided by Zookeys
Disk circular (dd = 1.08 to 2.47 mm). Covered by large, irregular, and only slightly imbricating scales (Fig. 5g). Sometimes with the central primary plate evident. Radial scales slightly longer than broad, contiguous, separated proximally by a small scale, with outer margin rounded and inner margin straight. Ventral interradius covered by strongly imbricating scales, which are smaller than dorsal scales (Fig. 5h). Distinct line of demarcation between the scales of the dorsal and ventral surface. Bursal slits long and broad (Fig. 5h). Oral shields fan-shape, distal margin enlarged and convex, slightly longer than wide (Fig. 5i). Adoral shields large, united proximally. Two oral papillae on each side of jaw angle, distal long and opercular (Fig. 5i). A pair of infradental papillae. Dorsal arm plate broader than long, proximal margin rounded and distal margin straight (Fig. 5j). Ventral arm plate pentagonal, twice as long as wide. Three arm spines conical, erect, serrate at tip (Fig. 5l). Two tentacle scales small, narrow and elongated.
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Anne I. Gondim, Carmen Alonso, Thelma L. P. Dias, Cynthia L. C. Manso, Martin L. Christoffersen
bibliographic citation
Gondim A, Alonso C, Dias T, Manso C, Christoffersen M (2013) A taxonomic guide to the brittle-stars (Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea) from the State of Paraíba continental shelf, Northeastern Brazil ZooKeys 307: 45–96
author
Anne I. Gondim
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Carmen Alonso
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Thelma L. P. Dias
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Cynthia L. C. Manso
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Martin L. Christoffersen
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Distribution

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Traditionally considered cosmopolitan, except for the extreme polar regions (but see remarks). Western Atlantic from Canada, United States, Mexico, the Antilles, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay, and Santa Cruz Province, Argentina (Bernasconi 1965, Hendler et al. 1995, Hernández-Herrejón et al. 2008, Martínez 2008, Benavides-Serrato et al. 2011). In Brazil, from Pará, Maranhão, Ceará, Paraíba, Alagoas, Bahia (Gondim et al. in press), Rio de Janeiro (H.L. Clark 1915) and, São Paulo (Borges et al. 2002). Intertidal to 1962 m. Found between 21 and 26m in present study.
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Gondim A, Alonso C, Dias T, Manso C, Christoffersen M (2013) A taxonomic guide to the brittle-stars (Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea) from the State of Paraíba continental shelf, Northeastern Brazil ZooKeys 307: 45–96
author
Anne I. Gondim
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Carmen Alonso
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Thelma L. P. Dias
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Cynthia L. C. Manso
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Martin L. Christoffersen
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