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Donaciinae

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Description

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Plateumaris
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Donacia palmata

The Donaciinae, aquatic leaf beetles, are a subfamily of the leaf beetle family Chrysomelidae, characterized by distinctly long antennae and their aquatic life cycle.[1][2] They are found in mainly the Northern Hemisphere, with some species found in the Southern Hemisphere.[3]

Life cycle

Female Donaciinae lay eggs between aquatic plant stems and leaf sheaths.[4] When larvae hatch they are aquatic, and attach themselves to underwater stems and roots of their plant hosts, primarily Potamogeton, for food and oxygen.[5] Adults live in vegetation bordering ponds, marshes, lakes,[1] and brackish water environments.[6] While most Donaciinae have the ability to fly, fully aquatic and flightless species such as Macroplea mutica exhibit the ability to disperse long distance by surviving the passage though the gut of water birds.[4]

Genera

These six genera belong to the subfamily Donaciinae:

Data sources: i = ITIS,[7] c = Catalogue of Life,[8] g = GBIF,[9] b = Bugguide.net[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Donaciinae Subfamily Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  2. ^ "North American Cryptocephalus species (Chrysomelidae, Cryptocephalinae)". Texas Entomology. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  3. ^ Steffan, Wallace A. (1979-09-28). "New Culex (Acallyntrum) from the Papuan Subregion (Diptera: Culicidae)1". Journal of Medical Entomology. 16 (2): 133–139. doi:10.1093/jmedent/16.2.133. ISSN 1938-2928.
  4. ^ a b LAUX, JAN-JAKOB; KÖLSCH, GREGOR (2014-03-05). "Potential for passive internal dispersal: eggs of an aquatic leaf beetle survive passage through the digestive system of mallards". Ecological Entomology. 39 (3): 391–394. doi:10.1111/een.12097. ISSN 0307-6946.
  5. ^ Kölsch, Gregor; Kubiak, Martin (March 2011). "The aquatic leaf beetle speciesMacroplea muticaandM. appendiculata(Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Donaciinae) differ in their use ofMyriophyllum spicatumas a host plant". Aquatic Insects. 33 (1): 13–26. doi:10.1080/01650424.2011.572558. ISSN 0165-0424.
  6. ^ Kölsch, Gregor; Krause, Almut; Goetz, Nele; Plagmann, Silke (2010-07-31). "The salinity preference of members of the genus Macroplea (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Donaciinae), fully aquatic leaf beetles that occur in brackish water". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 390 (2): 203–209. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2010.04.026. ISSN 0022-0981.
  7. ^ "Donaciinae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  8. ^ "Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  9. ^ "GBIF". Retrieved 2018-05-04.
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