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Stellaria crispa Cham. & Schltdl.

Brief Summary

    Stellaria crispa: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Stellaria crispa is a species of flowering plant in the pink family known by the common names curled starwort and crisp starwort. It is native to western North America from Alaska south to California and Wyoming, where it grows in moist, shady habitat such as deep forests and streambanks. It is a rhizomatous perennial herb producing a mat of prostrate or trailing stems up to about 40 centimeters long. It is lined with opposite pairs of pointed oval leaves each 1 to 2 centimeters long. Single flowers occur in the leaf axils, each borne on a short pedicel. The flower has five pointed green sepals each a few millimeters long. Some flowers have one or more petals, but most lack these.

Comprehensive Description

    Stellaria crispa
    provided by wikipedia

    Stellaria crispa is a species of flowering plant in the pink family known by the common names curled starwort[1] and crisp starwort. It is native to western North America from Alaska south to California and Wyoming, where it grows in moist, shady habitat such as deep forests and streambanks. It is a rhizomatous perennial herb producing a mat of prostrate or trailing stems up to about 40 centimeters long. It is lined with opposite pairs of pointed oval leaves each 1 to 2 centimeters long. Single flowers occur in the leaf axils, each borne on a short pedicel. The flower has five pointed green sepals each a few millimeters long. Some flowers have one or more petals, but most lack these.

    References

    1. ^ "Stellaria crispa". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 1 December 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Alta., B.C.; Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.

Morphology

    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Plants perennial, forming small to large mats, from slender rhizomes. Stems trailing to ascending, branched, 4-angled, 10-60 cm, glabrous. Leaves subsessile; blade broadly elliptic to ovate, 0.4-2.6 cm × 2-15 mm, base round to cuneate, margins entire, apex acuminate, glabrous or with a few scattered cilia. Inflorescences with flowers solitary in leaf axils; bracts absent. Pedicels ascending, straight, mostly 5-30 mm, glabrous. Flowers 4-5 mm; sepals 5, prominently 3-veined, lanceolate, 2-4 mm, margins broadly scarious, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous; petals usually absent, rarely 1-5 and much shorter than sepals; stamens 10 or fewer; styles 3, spreading to ascending, curved but not curled, ca. 1 mm. Capsules straw colored or brownish, ovoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 3.5-6 mm, equaling or slightly exceeding sepals, apex broadly acute, opening by 6 valves; carpophore absent. Seeds brown, broadly elliptic, 0.7-1 mm (longest axis), distinctly rugose. 2n = 26, 52.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Alsine crispa (Chamisso & Schlechtendal) Holzinger; Stellaria borealis Bigelow var. crispa (Chamisso & Schlechtendal) Fenzl ex Torrey & A. Gray

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    Wet soil in woods, shaded streambanks and shores; 0-2300m.

Cyclicity

    Flowering/Fruiting
    provided by eFloras
    Flowering summer.