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Chytridiomycetes

provided by wikipedia EN

Chytridiomycetes (/kɪˌtrɪdimˈstz, -ˈsts/[2]) is a class of fungi. Members are found in soil, fresh water, and saline estuaries. They are first known from the Rhynie chert.[3] It has recently been redefined to exclude the taxa Neocallimastigomycota and Monoblepharidomycetes, which are now a phylum and a sister-class respectively.[4]

Chytridiomycetes is the major class of the phylum Chytridiomycota,[5] which contains a number of parasitic species. At least two species in this class are known to infect a number of amphibian species.[6]

Phylogeny

Based on the work of "The Mycota: A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi as Experimental Systems for Basic and Applied Research",[7] Powell and Letcher 2015[8] and Karpov et al. 2014[9].

    Synchytriales

Synchytriaceae Schröter 1892

          Gromochytriales

Gromochytriaceae Karpov & Aleoshin 2014

Mesochytriales

Mesochytriaceae Karpov & Aleoshin 2014

    Lobulomycetales

Alogomycetaceae Doweld 2014

   

Lobulomycetaceae Simmons 2009

        Polytrichiales

Arkayaceae Doweld 2014

   

Polytrichiaceae Longcore & Simmons 2012

        Cladochytriales

Catenochytridiaceae Doweld 2014

   

Nowakowskiellaceae Sparrow ex Mozley-Standridge 2009

   

Septochytriaceae Mozley-Standridge 2009

   

Cladochytriaceae Schröter 1892

   

Endochytriaceae Sparrow ex Barr 1980

    Chytridiales

Chytriomycetaceae Letcher 2011

   

Chytridiaceae Nowakowski 1878

           

Blyttiomyces Bartsch 1939

    Spizellomycetales

Caulochytriaceae Subram. 1974

   

Powellomycetaceae Simmons 2011

   

Spizellomycetaceae Barr 1980

    Rhizophlyctidales

Arizonaphlyctidaceae

   

Borealophlyctidaceae

   

Sonoraphlyctidaceae

   

Rhizophlyctidaceae

        Rhizophydiales

Entophlyctis helioformis (Dangeard 1886) Ramsbottom 1916

       

Protrudomycetaceae Letcher 2008

     

Angulomycetaceae Letcher 2008

   

Aquamycetaceae Letcher 2008

           

Kappamycetaceae Letcher 2006

     

Gorgonomycetaceae Letcher 2006

   

Alphamycetaceae Letcher 2008

         

Terramycetaceae Letcher 2006

     

Dinomycetaceae Karpov & Guillou 2014

     

Coralloidiomycetaceae Doweld 2014

     

Uebelmesseromycetaceae Powell & Letcher 2015

     

Operculomycetaceae Doweld 2014

     

Batrachochytriaceae Doweld 2013

     

Batrachochytriaceae Doweld 2013

   

Globomycetaceae Letcher 2008

     

Pateramycetaceae Letcher 2008

   

Rhizophydiaceae Werderm. 1954

                                 

References

  1. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of Life". Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 73 (3): 203–266. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012.
  2. ^ OED; Howjsay
  3. ^ Taylor TN, Remy W, Hass H (1992). "Fungi from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert: Chytridiomycetes". American Journal of Botany. 79 (11): 1233–1241. doi:10.2307/2445050. JSTOR 2445050.
  4. ^ Hibbett DS, et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334.
  5. ^ Sharma PD (2005). Fungi and Allied Organisms. Alpha Science International. ISBN 978-1-84265-277-0.
  6. ^ Berger L, Speare R, Hyatt A (1999). "Chytrid Fungi and Amphibian Declines: Overview, Implications and Future Directions" (PDF). In Campbell A (ed.). Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs. Environment Australia. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-11.
  7. ^ Esser K (2014). The Mycota VII A: Systematics and Evolution (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 461. ISBN 978-3-642-55317-2.
  8. ^ Powell; Letcher (2015). "A new genus and family for the misclassified chytrid, Rhizophlyctis harderi (in press)". Mycologia. 107 (2): 419–31. doi:10.3852/14-223. PMID 25572098. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  9. ^ Karpov, et al. (March 2014). "Gromochytrium mamkaevae gen. & sp. nov. and two new orders: Gromochytriales and Mesochytriales (Chytridiomycetes)". Persoonia. 32: 115–126. doi:10.3767/003158514X680234. PMC 4150072. PMID 25264386.
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Chytridiomycetes: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Chytridiomycetes (/kɪˌtrɪdioʊmaɪˈsiːtiːz, -ˈsiːts/) is a class of fungi. Members are found in soil, fresh water, and saline estuaries. They are first known from the Rhynie chert. It has recently been redefined to exclude the taxa Neocallimastigomycota and Monoblepharidomycetes, which are now a phylum and a sister-class respectively.

Chytridiomycetes is the major class of the phylum Chytridiomycota, which contains a number of parasitic species. At least two species in this class are known to infect a number of amphibian species.

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