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Merlucciidae
provided by wikipedia EN

Merlucciidae are a family of cod-like fish, including most hakes.[1] They are native to cold water in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and typically found at depths greater than 50 metres (160 ft) in subtropical, temperate, sub-Arctic or sub-Antarctic regions.

The best known species are in the genera Macruronus and Merluccius. These are large, up to 1.55 m (5 ft 1 in) in length (though most only reach about half that length), predatory fish inhabiting the waters of the continental shelf and upper continental slope, where they feed on small fish such as lanternfishes. Several species are important commercial fish, for example the blue grenadier (Macruronus novaezelandiae) that is fished in the southwest Pacific and the North Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) that is fished off western North America.

The taxonomy of the Merluccidae is not settled with some authorities raising two or three subfamilies, Merluccinae, Macruroninae[2] and Steindachneriinae, while other authorities raise the latter two into their own families, the Macruronidae and the monotypic Steindachneriidae.[3]

This would mean the genera would be arranged as:[3]

  • Steindachneriidae
    • Steindachneria
  • Macruronidae
    • Lyconodes
    • Lyconus
    • Macruronus
  • Merlucciidae ss
    • Merluccius

References

  1. ^ Lloris, Domingo (2005). Hakes of the world (family Merlucciidae) : an annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 92-5-104984-X..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} available for download at http://www.fao.org
  2. ^ Alfredo Carvalho-Filho; Guy Marcovaldi; Claudio L.S. Sampaio; M. Isabel G. Paiva (2011). "First report of Macruronus novaezelandiae (Gadiformes, Merluccidae, Macruroninae) from Atlantic tropical waters" (PDF). Marine Biodiversity records. 00; e0; 2011 Published online.
  3. ^ a b Hiromitsu Endo (2002). "Phylogeny of the Order Gadiformes (Teleostei, Paracanthopterygii)" (PDF). Memoirs of the Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences Hokkaido University. 49 (2).

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Merlucciidae: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Merlucciidae are a family of cod-like fish, including most hakes. They are native to cold water in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and typically found at depths greater than 50 metres (160 ft) in subtropical, temperate, sub-Arctic or sub-Antarctic regions.

The best known species are in the genera Macruronus and Merluccius. These are large, up to 1.55 m (5 ft 1 in) in length (though most only reach about half that length), predatory fish inhabiting the waters of the continental shelf and upper continental slope, where they feed on small fish such as lanternfishes. Several species are important commercial fish, for example the blue grenadier (Macruronus novaezelandiae) that is fished in the southwest Pacific and the North Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) that is fished off western North America.

The taxonomy of the Merluccidae is not settled with some authorities raising two or three subfamilies, Merluccinae, Macruroninae and Steindachneriinae, while other authorities raise the latter two into their own families, the Macruronidae and the monotypic Steindachneriidae.

This would mean the genera would be arranged as:

Steindachneriidae Steindachneria Macruronidae Lyconodes Lyconus Macruronus Merlucciidae ss Merluccius
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Distribution
provided by World Register of Marine Species
Distribution: Atlantic, eastern Pacific, Tasmania, and New Zealand. Dorsal fins 2, except Lyconodes with one. Second dorsal fin and anal fin with a posterior notch. Chin barbel lacking. Small cycloid scales. Teeth present on head of vomer. Spinous first principal dorsal ray. Mouth large and terminal; long, pointed teeth in most species. A large V-shaped ridge appears on the upper side of the head. Pelvic fin rays 7-10. Branchiostegal rays 7. Pyloric caeca absent. Species of Merluccius are voracious predators inhabiting the continental shelf and upper slope. The three species of Macruronus live in large schools on the continental shelf in Subantarctic waters.
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MASDEA (1997).
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Edward Vanden Berghe [email]
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