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Gobiesocidae

provided by wikipedia EN

Clingfishes are fishes of the family Gobiesocidae, belonging to the order Gobiesociformes. They are widespread throughout tropical and warm temperate waters, particularly in the marine waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Most species shelter in shallow seagrass beds and reefs, clinging to rocks, algae and seagrass leaves.[1] Some species shelter in sea urchins or crinoids, or cling onto the bodies of larger fish where they act as cleaners.[1]

Description

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Sucking disc of Sicyases sanguineus

Clingfishes are typically small fish, with most species less than 7 cm (2.8 in) in length.[2] A few species surpass this and the largest, Chorisochismus dentex, reaches up to 30 cm (12 in).[3] They have tapering bodies with single dorsal fins, and flattened heads. In most species, their pelvic fins are modified into a sucking disc.[2] The lateral line is well developed, but may not extend to the posterior parts of the body.

The skin of clingfishes is smooth and scaleless, with a thick layer of protective mucus. They have a cryptic colouration, and in some cases can rapidly change colour to match their background.[4]

Classification

The classification of the clingfishes varies. FishBase places Gobiesocidae as the only family in the order Gobiesociformes, under the superorder Paracanthopterygii;[5] whereas more official classifications within the United States, for example ITIS, place them in the suborder Gobiesocoidei of the order Perciformes, under superorder Acanthopterygii. ITIS lists Gobiesociformes as invalid and has been verified by the standards set forth by ITIS.[6][7]

Subfamilies and genera

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Connemara clingfish, Lepadogaster candolii

Subfamily Cheilobranchinae

Subfamily Gobiesocinae

Subfamily Protogobiesocinae

References

  1. ^ a b Bray, Dianne. "Family GOBIESOCIDAE". Fishes of Australia. Retrieved 29 September 2014..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Gobiesocidae" in FishBase. October 2012 version.
  3. ^ Lubke, R., & I. De Mour (1998). Field Guide to the Eastern and Southern Cape Coasts. ISBN 978-1919713038
  4. ^ Briggs, J.C.; Hutchins, J.B. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N., eds. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 142–143. ISBN 978-0-12-547665-2.
  5. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Gobiesociformes" in FishBase. october 2012 version.
  6. ^ "Gobiesociformes". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 February 2008.
  7. ^ Standards
  8. ^ Fricke, R. (2014). "Unguitrema nigrum, a new genus and species of clingfish (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae) from Madang, Papua New Guinea" (PDF). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation. 13: 35–42.
  9. ^ Fricke, R., Chen, J.-N. & Chen, W.-J. (2016): New case of lateral asymmetry in fishes: A new subfamily, genus and species of deep water clingfishes from Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 340 (1): 47–62.

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Gobiesocidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Clingfishes are fishes of the family Gobiesocidae, belonging to the order Gobiesociformes. They are widespread throughout tropical and warm temperate waters, particularly in the marine waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Most species shelter in shallow seagrass beds and reefs, clinging to rocks, algae and seagrass leaves. Some species shelter in sea urchins or crinoids, or cling onto the bodies of larger fish where they act as cleaners.

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Ocean. Pelvic fins usually present and modified into a sucking disc. Head and body scaleless. Branchiostegal rays 5-7. Genital papilla behind anus. No swim bladder. Most species are shallowwater bottom dwelling fishes. Maximum length 12 cm in Alabes dorsalis.
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bibliographic citation
MASDEA (1997).
i18n: Contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]