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Terapontidae

provided by wikipedia EN

Grunters or tigerperches are fishes in the family Terapontidae (also spelled Teraponidae, Theraponidae or Therapontidae). The majority of terapontids are exclusively freshwater species, found in streams of Australia and New Guinea. A minority of species are found in estuarine and shallow coastal waters in the Indian Ocean and western Pacific. They grow up to 80 cm in length and feed on fishes and invertebrates.

Species

There are at least 52 species:[1]

Timeline

References

  1. ^ Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Eds. Terapontidae. FishBase. 2013.
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Terapontidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Grunters or tigerperches are fishes in the family Terapontidae (also spelled Teraponidae, Theraponidae or Therapontidae). The majority of terapontids are exclusively freshwater species, found in streams of Australia and New Guinea. A minority of species are found in estuarine and shallow coastal waters in the Indian Ocean and western Pacific. They grow up to 80 cm in length and feed on fishes and invertebrates.

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Coastal marine, brackish and freshwater in the Indo-West Pacific. Several species restricted to freshwater. Body oblong and slightly compressed. Operculum bearing 2 spines (lower spine longer). Dorsal fin notched, the spinous part depressible into a basal scaly sheath; spines 11-13; soft rays 9-11. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 7-10. Pelvic fins insertion behind base of pectorals; one spine, 5 soft rays. Caudal fin rounded, truncate or emarginate with 15 branched rays. Lateral line uninterrupted, reaching on caudal fin. Jaws with villiform or incisiform teeth; vomer and palatines toothless in most species. Branchiostegal rays 6; gills 4, a slit behind the last. Vertebrae 25-27. About 80 cm maximum length. Also spelled Teraponidae, Theraponidae or Therapontidae.
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bibliographic citation
MASDEA (1997).
Contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]