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Cutlassfish

provided by wikipedia EN
"Hairtails" redirects here. For the butterflies with this name, see Anthene.

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Silver scabbardfish, Lepidopus caudatus
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Benthodesmus simonyi

The cutlassfishes are about 45 species of predatory fish in the family Trichiuridae (order Perciformes) found in seas throughout the world. Fish of this family are long, slender, and generally steely blue or silver in colour, giving rise to their name. They have reduced or absent pelvic and caudal fins, giving them an eel-like appearance, and large fang-like teeth.[1]

Some of the species are known as scabbardfishes or hairtails; others are called frostfishes because they appear in late autumn and early winter, around the time of the first frosts.

Classification

This list of species follows FishBase:[2]

Timeline of genera

References

  1. ^ Johnson, G.D.; Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N., eds. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-12-547665-5..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Trichiuridae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  3. ^ Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki (2006). "A new species of scabbardfish, Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus (Scombroidei: Trichiuridae), from Okinawa, Japan". Ichthyological Research. 53 (2): 137ff. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0319-x.
  4. ^ Fricke, R., Golani, D. & Appelbaum-Golani, B. (2014): Evoxymetopon moricheni, a new cutlassfish from the northern Red Sea (Teleostei: Trichiuridae). Ichthyological Research 61 (3): 293-297.
  5. ^ Anirban Chakraborty; Andi Iqbal Burhanuddin; Yukio Iwatsuki (2005). "A new species, Trichiurus australis (Perciformes: Trichiuridae), from Australia". Ichthyological Research. 52 (2): 165–170. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0268-4.

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Cutlassfish: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
"Hairtails" redirects here. For the butterflies with this name, see Anthene.

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The cutlassfishes are about 45 species of predatory fish in the family Trichiuridae (order Perciformes) found in seas throughout the world. Fish of this family are long, slender, and generally steely blue or silver in colour, giving rise to their name. They have reduced or absent pelvic and caudal fins, giving them an eel-like appearance, and large fang-like teeth.

Some of the species are known as scabbardfishes or hairtails; others are called frostfishes because they appear in late autumn and early winter, around the time of the first frosts.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
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visit source
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wikipedia EN

Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Body extremely elongate and strongly compressed. Maxilla hidden by preorbitals. Jaws usually with fanglike teeth. Dorsal fin very long (extending over length of body); the soft-rayed part usually longer than the spinous part and the parts demarcated by a notch in some species. Caudal fin small, if present. Pectoral fin inserted low on body. Pelvic fin, if present, reduced to 1 scalelike spine and a vestigial soft ray. With 58-192 vertebrae (34-53 + 24-151).
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bibliographic citation
MASDEA (1997).
i18n: Contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]