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Citharidae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Citharidae or largescale flounders are a small family of flounders with four genera. Three genera are restricted to the Indo-Pacific, while Citharus is from the Mediterranean and East Atlantic (off northwest Africa). There are a total of seven species. Species reach lengths ranging between 14 and 36 centimetres (5.5 and 14.2 in).

Taxa include:

References

  • Joseph S. Nelson: Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, 2006, .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}ISBN 0-471-25031-7.

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Citharidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Citharidae or largescale flounders are a small family of flounders with four genera. Three genera are restricted to the Indo-Pacific, while Citharus is from the Mediterranean and East Atlantic (off northwest Africa). There are a total of seven species. Species reach lengths ranging between 14 and 36 centimetres (5.5 and 14.2 in).

Taxa include:

Subfamily Brachypleurinae Genus Brachypleura Brachypleura novaezeelandiae – yellow-dabbled flounder Genus Lepidoblepharon Lepidoblepharon ophthalmolepis – scale-eyed flounder Subfamily Citharinae Genus Citharoides Citharoides axillaris Citharoides macrolepidotus – branched ray flounder Citharoides macrolepis – twospot largescale flounder Citharoides orbitalis Genus Citharus Citharus linguatula – spotted flounder
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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Distribution: Mediterranean, Indian Ocean and Japan to Australia. Eyes on either side of the head. A single spine and five soft rays in pelvic fins; pelvics equally developed and short based. Dorsal fin origin at posterior nostril of blind side; pectoral fins well developed. Branchiostegal membranes not united. Lateral line present on both sides. Anus on eyed side. Vertebrae 10 + 24-25. The status of the genera Citharus versus Eucitharus needs clarification.
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bibliographic citation
MASDEA (1997).
i18n: Contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]