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Wolf Snake

Lycophidion capense Smith 1831

Behaviour

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Nocturnal and terrestrial.

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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina
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BA Cultnat
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Conservation Status

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Least Concern

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Bibliotheca Alexandrina
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BA Cultnat
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Description

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A small- or medium-sized, fairly slend snake, reaching up to 640 mm in total length, but usually smaller. Has all the characters of the genus outlined above. Tail / total length = 0.08-0.17. Eight supralabials, third and fourth enter the eye, 163-200 ventrals, 36-42 subcaudals, 17 scale rows around mid-body; anal undivided; subcaudals paired. Dorsum light-brown to black, uniform. Venter whitish.

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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina
author
BA Cultnat
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Distribution in Egypt

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The occurrence of this species in Egypt hinges on a single specimen, which is said to have been collected from Fayoum in 1904 (Flower 1923, 1933). The species has not been reported before or since from the country. Since other snakes considered to be African relicts also occur in the Fayoum Depression, such as Dasypeltis scabra and Echis pyramidum, it is not unlikely that a small population of L. capense exists (or at least existed until early last century) in the region.

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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
BA Cultnat
author
BA Cultnat
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Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Global Distribution

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Sub-Saharan Africa, north into Egypt, and possibly south-west Arabia.

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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
author
BA Cultnat
provider
Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Habitat

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A species of grasslands and savannah, preferring damp situations.

license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
author
BA Cultnat
provider
Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Status in Egypt

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Probably locally extinct.

license
cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
copyright
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
author
BA Cultnat
provider
Bibliotheca Alexandrina