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Closteroviridae

Closteroviridae

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Closteroviridae is a family of viruses. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 39 species in this family, divided among 4 genera. Diseases associated with this family include: yellowing and necrosis, particularly affecting the phloem.[1][2]

Taxonomy

Genome type and transmission vector are two of the most important traits used for classification. Ampeloviruses and Closteroviruses have monopartite genomes and are transmitted by pseudococcid mealybugs (and soft scale insects) and aphids respectively. While Criniviruses are bipartite and transmitted by whiteflies.

Group: ssRNA(+)

Order: Unassigned

[2]

Structure

Viruses in Closteroviridae are non-enveloped, with flexuous and filamentous geometries. The diameter is around 10-13 nm, with a length of 950-2200 nm. Genomes are linear and non-segmented, bipartite, around 20kb in length. [1]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation Crinivirus Filamentous Non-enveloped Linear Bipartite Velarivirus Filamentous Non-enveloped Linear Monopartite Closterovirus Filamentous Non-enveloped Linear Monopartite Ampelovirus Filamentous Non-enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life cycle

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are mechanical.[1]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission Crinivirus Plants None Viral movement; mechanical inoculation Viral movement Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Mechanical inoculation: insects Velarivirus Plants None Viral movement; mechanical inoculation Viral movement Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Mechanical inoculation: insects Closterovirus Plants None Viral movement; mechanical inoculation Viral movement Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Mechanical inoculation: insects Ampelovirus Plants None Viral movement; mechanical inoculation Viral movement Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Mechanical inoculation: insects

References

  1. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015.

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Closteroviridae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Closteroviridae is a family of viruses. Plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently 39 species in this family, divided among 4 genera. Diseases associated with this family include: yellowing and necrosis, particularly affecting the phloem.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN