Episcia cupreata

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Episcia cupreata is a species of perennial plant in the family Gesneriaceae that is found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. Its common name is flame violet, although this name may also refer to other species of the genus Episcia.[2] A number of hybrids have been created.

Description

The species has short hairy stems and reddish to green stolons (runners). Leaves are oval shaped with hairy blades that vary from either a deep copper, reddish-green, or only green. Specks of copper and purple are found on leaf underside. Its flower corolla lobes are orange-red with yellow tube. Although the plant does produce seeds, it typically reproduces by stolons.[3]

Ecology

Aphids and mealybugs feed on the plant. It can be subjected to fungal leaf spots, blights on the stem, and rotting roots. The leaves become scorched if they receive too much sunlight, and the plant can die if it receives too much water or too little air.[2]

Hybrids

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The hybrid Silver Sheen

The plant was once grown from seeds that were sent to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, from Colombia in 1845. In later years, multiple hybrids with this species were created. While leaf shape varies among hybrids, the flowers always have the same form.[4]

Among the hybrids, 'Acajou' has a broad pattern of leaves that are silver-green, 'Chocolate Soldier' has dark leaves with a wide silver midrib, 'Emerald Green' has a narrow silver midrib with silver vein, 'Frosty' is emerald-green with a wide silver midrib, 'Harlequin' has dark leaves, and 'Silver Sheen' has a silver center with dark margins.[4]

The naturally occurring variety Episcia cupreata var. viridifolia (Hook.) Hanst. was once recognised, but this is now regarded as a junior synonym of the nominate variety, E. c. var. cupreata.[5]

References

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 5 January 2017
  2. ^ a b "Episcia cupreata". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Flame Violet". Flowers of India. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b E. Moore Jr., Harold (1957). African Violets, Gloxinias, and their relatives. The Macmillan Company. pp. 185–187.
  5. ^ Skog, Laurence. "Episcia cupreata var. viridifolia (Hook.) Nichols". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 July 2019.

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Episcia cupreata: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Episcia cupreata is a species of perennial plant in the family Gesneriaceae that is found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. Its common name is flame violet, although this name may also refer to other species of the genus Episcia. A number of hybrids have been created.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN