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Waxgourd

Benincasa pruriens (Parkinson) de Wilde & Duyfjes

Brief Summary

    Wax gourd: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Benincasa hispida, the wax gourd, also called ash gourd, white gourd, winter gourd, tallow gourd, ash pumpkin, and winter melon and “Chinese preserving melon” is a vine grown for its very large fruit, eaten as a vegetable when mature.

    It is the only member of the genus Benincasa. The fruit is fuzzy when young. The immature melon has thick white flesh that is sweet when eaten. By maturity, the fruit loses its hairs and develops a waxy coating, giving rise to the name wax gourd, and providing a long shelf life. The melon may grow as large as 80 cm in length. It has yellow flowers and broad leaves. The taste is rather bland.[unreliable source?]

    It is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. The wax gourd is widely grown throughout Asia, including Java and Japan, the places where it is thought to have originated.

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Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Distribution: India, Pakistan, Malaya, Eastern Australia, Polynesia, China & Japan. Probably not found in wild state anywhere.
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    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 10 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
    editor
    S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
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    eFloras.org
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    eFloras
    ID
    271639

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    Commonly cultivated in the plains of Punjab and Sind.
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    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 10 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
    editor
    S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    271636
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Stem much branched. Petiole long-villous. Leaves reniform-rotundate, base deeply cordate. upper surface pilose or scabrous, lower surface shortly hispid, lamina 10-25 cm long and as broad, 5-7-lobed, lobes ovate-triangular, margin sinuate, dentate or crenulate. Tendrils slender, rarely simple, or 2-4-fid. Peduncle hirsute. Male inflorescence 5-15 cm long, female 2-4 cm long. Calyx tube 10-15 mm long, densely hairy, lobes lanceolate, acute, 6-12 mm long. Petals spreading, obtuse-mucronate, 3-5 x 2-4 cm. Staminal filaments inflated and hispid at the base, anthers trilobed. Ovary 2-4 cm long; style 2-3 mm long. Fruit fleshy, 25-50 x 10-25 cm, densely hairy when young, waxy when mature. Seeds com¬pressed, ovoid, white, c. 10 x 6 mm.
    license
    cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
    copyright
    Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
    bibliographic citation
    Flora of Pakistan Vol. 0: 10 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
    source
    Flora of Pakistan @ eFloras.org
    editor
    S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser
    project
    eFloras.org
    original
    visit source
    partner site
    eFloras
    ID
    271638