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Chamaemyiidae

provided by wikipedia EN

The Chamaemyiidae are a small family of acalyptrate flies with less than 200 species described worldwide. The larvae of these small flies are active and predatory and are often used for biological control of aphids, scale insects, and similar pests. Chamaemyiid fossils are poorly represented in amber deposits, but a few examples are known from the Eocene epoch onwards.

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Morphological details of the Chamaemyiidae

Description

For terms, see Morphology of Diptera
The Chamaemyiidae are small flies 9 (1–5 mm), usually greyish in colour. The frons is wide, with at most two pairs of bristles (often bare). The face is gently concave or strongly receding. Oral vibrissae are absent and the postvertical bristles are convergent or absent. The proboscis is short and the antennae are short. The mesonotum is with or without bristles. Prothoracic bristles are absent and with one sternopleural bristle. The mesopleura are usually bare, rarely setulose. The front femora bear bristles. The tibiae are without preapical bristles. Wings with the subcosta are entire, sometimes touching the first vein before its end. The anal vein does not reach nearly to the wing margin, the anal and second basal cells are always complete, and the costa is not broken. The abdomen is short or slightly elongated.

Classification

References

  1. ^ Hendel, Friedrich (1916). "Beiträge zur Systematik der Acalyptraten Musciden (Dipt.)". Entomologische Mitteilungen. 5 (9–12): 294–299. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m McAlpine, J.F. (1965). Family Chamaemyiidae (Ochtiphilidae). in: Stone, A., Sabrosky, C.W., Wirth, W.W., Foote, R.H. & Coulson, J.R. (eds.), A Catalog of the Diptera of America North of Mexico. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. pp. 706–709.
  3. ^ Schiner, I. R. (1862). "Vorlaufiger Commentar zum dipterologischen Theile der "Fauna Austriaca", mit einer naheren Begrundung der in derselben aufgenommenen neuen Dipteren-Gattungen. V. [part]". Wiener Entomologische Monatschrift. 6: 428–436. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  4. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D. (2012). "A new genus and species of Chamaemyiidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidea) from South America feeding on Ceroplastes wax scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae), and status of the genus Ortalidina as a chamaemyiid" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 3342: 39–50. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3342.1.2. ISSN 1175-5334. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Meigen, Johann Wilhelm (1803). "Versuch einer neuen Gattungseintheilung der europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten". Magazin für Insektenkunde. 2: 259–281. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  6. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D. (2012). "A new Afrotropical genus of Chamaemyiidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidea)". African Invertebrates. 53 (1): 157–168. doi:10.5733/afin.053.0109.
  7. ^ Tanasijtshuk, V. N. (1992). "Morphological differences and phyleti relations between the genera of chamaemyiid flies (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae)". Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie. 71 (1): 199–230.
  8. ^ Frey, R. (1958). "Zur Kenntnis der Diptera brachycera p.p. der Kapverdischen Inseln. No. 20, Ergebnisse der zoologischen Forschungsreise von Prof. Dr. Haken Lindberg nach den Kapverdischen Inseln im Winter 1953-54". Commentat. Biol. 18 (4): 61.
  9. ^ Blanchard, E. (1852). Orden IX. Dipteros. Pp. 327-468. In Gay, C. (ed.), Historia fisica y politica de Chile ... Zoologia. Vol. 7, pp. Santiago: Published by Author, Paris & Museo de Historia Natural. pp. 1–471.
  10. ^ Malloch, John Russell (1913). "A synopsis of the genera of Agromyzidae, with descriptions of new genera and species". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 46 (2018): 127–154. doi:10.5479/si.00963801.46-2018.127. hdl:2027/hvd.32044107190878. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  11. ^ Cogan, B. H. (1978). "A revision of Acrometopia Schiner and closely related genera" (PDF). Beiträge zur Entomologie. 28: 223–250. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  12. ^ Gaimari, Stephen D.; Tanasijtshuk, Vitali N. (2001). "A new leucopine genus (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae) with species attacking Ceroplastes wax scales (Hemiptera:Coccidae) in South America". Systematic Entomology. 26 (3): 311–328. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3113.2001.00156.x. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d Malloch, John Russell (1921). "Forest insects in Illinois. I. The subfamily Ochthiphilinae (Diptera, family Agromyzidae). Bulletin of the Illinois State Natural History Survey" (PDF). 13: 345–361, 2 pls. Retrieved 17 November 2019. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
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Chamaemyiidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Chamaemyiidae are a small family of acalyptrate flies with less than 200 species described worldwide. The larvae of these small flies are active and predatory and are often used for biological control of aphids, scale insects, and similar pests. Chamaemyiid fossils are poorly represented in amber deposits, but a few examples are known from the Eocene epoch onwards.

" Morphological details of the Chamaemyiidae
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
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wikipedia EN