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Umbonium costatum (Kiener 1839)

Brief Summary

Comprehensive Description

    Umbonium costatum
    provided by wikipedia

    Umbonium costatum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Trochidae, the top snails.[1][2]


    The size of the shell varies between 12 mm and 25 mm. The heavy, solid shell has a depressed shape. Its spire is low-conoidal, the periphery rounded. The color pattern is whitish or light yellow, closely tessellated all .over with blackish-olive or reddish-brown squarish spots. The tessellated color-markings sometimes form subcontinuous oblique bands. The surface is shining and polished, with strong spiral grooves above, generally 4 to 6 on the body whorl. The sutures are narrowly impressed, with a rather wide margin below them, which often shows a slight tendency to be tuberculate. The base of the shell is smooth, tessellated around the irregularly convex, flesh-colored central callus. The shell contains six whorls, the last a little concave above, convex beneath. The subquadrate aperture is pearly inside. The circular callus is heaviest in front of the aperture and behind the collumellar lip. .[3]


    This species occurs in the Sea of Japan and in the East China Sea.


    1. ^ Bouchet, P. (2012). Umbonium costatum (Kiener, 1839). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=556961 on 2012-11-23
    2. ^ Kantor Yu.I. & Sysoev A.V. (2006) Marine and brackish water Gastropoda of Russia and adjacent countries: an illustrated catalogue. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press. 372 pp. + 140 pls.
    3. ^ H. Pilsbry (1889), Manual of Conchology XI, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia
    • Higo, S., Callomon, P. & Goto, Y. (1999) Catalogue and Bibliography of the Marine Shell-Bearing Mollusca of Japan. Elle Scientific Publications, Yao, Japan, 749 pp.