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Life » » Plants » » Composite family »

Giant Ragweed

Ambrosia trifida L.

Brief Summary

    Ambrosia trifida: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Ambrosia trifida, the giant ragweed, is a species of flowering plant in the sunflower family. It is native to North America, where it is widespread in Canada, the United States, and northern Mexico. It is present in Europe and Asia as an introduced species, and it is known as a common weed in many regions. Its common names include great ragweed, Texan great ragweed, giant ragweed, tall ragweed, blood ragweed, perennial ragweed, horseweed, buffaloweed, and kinghead.

Comprehensive Description

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    The name Ambrosia ×helenae Rouleau applies to hybrids between A. artemisiifolia and A. trifida. Hybrids between A. bidentata and A. trifida have been recorded. Ambrosia trifida may be no longer extant in British Columbia.
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Annuals, 30–150(–400+) cm. Stems erect. Leaves mostly opposite; petioles 10–30(–70+) mm; blades rounded-deltate to ovate or elliptic, 40–150(–250+) × 30–70(–200+) mm, usually some blades palmately 3(–5)-lobed, bases truncate to cuneate (sometimes decurrent onto petioles), margins usually toothed, rarely entire, abaxial and adaxial faces ± scabrellous and gland-dotted. Pistillate heads clustered, proximal to staminates; florets 1. Staminate heads: peduncles 1–3+ mm; involucres ± saucer-shaped, 2–4 mm diam., scabrellous (often with 1–3 black nerves); florets 3–25+. Burs: bodies ± pyramidal, 3–5(–7+) mm, glabrous or glabrate, spines 4–5, ± distal, ± acerose, 0.5–1 mm, tips straight (bases ± decurrent as ribs). 2n = 24, 48.

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Ambrosia aptera de Candolle; A. trifida var. integrifolia (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray; A. trifida var. texana Scheele