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Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

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Maximum longevity: 43 years (wild)
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Joao Pedro de Magalhaes
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de Magalhaes, J. P.
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Diagnostic Description

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Head spines moderate to weak - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic and parietal spines present, nuchals usually absent, coronals absent (Ref. 27437). Lower jaw rough and scaly; caudal peduncle deep (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin slightly indented (Ref. 6885). Dark red in color, sides mottled with gray; mouth and fins red, fins usually edged with black; 3 obscure stripes radiating from each eye (Ref. 27437).
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 7
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Biology

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Adults inhabit shallow to deep rocky reefs, less common on deep ones (Ref. 2850). Young inhabit shallow water (Ref. 2850). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Sold as fillets together with other rockfish (Ref. 27436).
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Rainer Froese
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Importance

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fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums; price category: medium; price reliability: questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this genus
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Sebastes miniatus

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Sebastes miniatus is a species of rockfish known by the common names vermilion rockfish, vermilion seaperch, red snapper, red rock cod, and rasher.[1] It is native to the waters of the Pacific Ocean off western North America from Baja California to Vancouver Island.

The body of the vermilion rockfish is moderately deep and compressed. The upper profile of the head is somewhat curved; the mouth is large, with the lower jaw slightly projecting. The color is bright red on the body and fins; many with black and gray mottling on back and sides. On fish shorter than 12 inches (30 cm) the mottling is much more apparent and the fins are often edged with black. The yelloweye and canary rockfishes are similar in appearance to the vermilion, but the bottom of their lower jaws is scaleless and feels smooth to the touch. The vermilion rockfish has scales on the bottom of the lower jaw which make it rough to the touch. It may also be confused with the brown rockfish (Sebastes auriculatus) in deep water.

Range

The vermilion rockfish occurs in the Eastern Pacific from Baja California, to Vancouver Island, Canada. It is generally caught over rocky bottoms at depths of 100 to 500 feet (30 to 152 m), although it has been taken from depths as great as 900 feet (270 m).

Reproduction

The vermilion rockfish appears to mature and spawn for the first time at age 3–4. A vermilion rockfish that was 20 inches (51 cm) long was estimated to contain 282,000 eggs. By this measure a 30-inch (76 cm) female might hold as many as 500,000 eggs. The principal reproductive period is from December through March.

As with all other rockfish, fertilization is internal and the young are mobile. The free swimming young feed primarily upon shrimp–like organisms, while the larger, bottom–living adults feed almost exclusively upon fishes (smaller kinds of rockfish), squid and octopus.

Fishing

Because a good rockfish "hole" often will yield a dozen or more kinds on any given day, it has been said that rockfish fishing is colorful, interesting, productive, and mysterious. Vermilion rockfish usually are found in the bag of "red" rockfish taken from one of these holes. The same rig, bait, and technique used for bocaccio works for vermilion rockfish. Rebaiting can be reduced by using a tough, difficult-to-steal bait, such as a piece of squid or salted mackerel.

References

  1. ^ Barnhart, Percy Spencer (1936). Marine Fishes of Southern California. University of California Press. p. 52. GGKEY:0HFX532KJZH.

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Sebastes miniatus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Sebastes miniatus is a species of rockfish known by the common names vermilion rockfish, vermilion seaperch, red snapper, red rock cod, and rasher. It is native to the waters of the Pacific Ocean off western North America from Baja California to Vancouver Island.

The body of the vermilion rockfish is moderately deep and compressed. The upper profile of the head is somewhat curved; the mouth is large, with the lower jaw slightly projecting. The color is bright red on the body and fins; many with black and gray mottling on back and sides. On fish shorter than 12 inches (30 cm) the mottling is much more apparent and the fins are often edged with black. The yelloweye and canary rockfishes are similar in appearance to the vermilion, but the bottom of their lower jaws is scaleless and feels smooth to the touch. The vermilion rockfish has scales on the bottom of the lower jaw which make it rough to the touch. It may also be confused with the brown rockfish (Sebastes auriculatus) in deep water.

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