Shona Treanor   cc-by-nc-4.0

Hydrurga leptonyx (Leopard Seal) is a species of mammals in the family earless seals. They are native to Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Antarctica, and Pacific Ocean. They are solitary, diurnal carnivores. Individuals are known to live for 312 months and can grow to 3.8 m. Reproduction is viviparous. They have parental care (female provides care). They rely on swimming and lift powered swimming to move around.

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  • URI: https://eol.org/schema/terms/lift_based_swimming
  • Definition: Hydrofoils, or fins, are used to push against the water to create a normal force to provide thrust, propelling the animal through water. The reduction of fin cross-sectional area helps to minimize drag, and therefore increase efficiency. Regardless of size of the animal, at any particular speed, maximum possible lift is proportional to (wing area) x (speed)<sup>2</sup>. Dolphins and whales have large, horizontal caudal hydrofoils, while many fish and sharks have vertical caudal hydrofoils.
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EOL has data for 50 attributes, including:

Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Leopard Seal. View this species on GBIF