Caleb Slemmons   cc-by-nc-2.0

Monachus (Monk Seal) is a genus of mammals in the family earless seals. They are listed in cites appendix i. They are carnivores. Reproduction is viviparous. They rely on lift powered swimming to move around.

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/CITES_I
  • Definition: Appendix I lists species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed animals and plants. They are threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research. In these exceptional cases, trade may take place provided it is authorized by the granting of both an import permit and an export permit (or re-export certificate). Article VII of the Convention provides for a number of exemptions to this general prohibition.
  • Source: https://www.speciesplus.net/#/taxon_concepts/1136/legal
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  • URI: https://eol.org/schema/terms/lift_based_swimming
  • Definition: Hydrofoils, or fins, are used to push against the water to create a normal force to provide thrust, propelling the animal through water. The reduction of fin cross-sectional area helps to minimize drag, and therefore increase efficiency. Regardless of size of the animal, at any particular speed, maximum possible lift is proportional to (wing area) x (speed)<sup>2</sup>. Dolphins and whales have large, horizontal caudal hydrofoils, while many fish and sharks have vertical caudal hydrofoils.
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EOL has data for 17 attributes, including:

Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of monk seal. View this species on GBIF