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Pinguinus impennis (Great Auk) is a species of birds in the family auks. This species is extinct. They are listed as extinct by COSEWIC. They are native to Atlantic Ocean. They are diurnal carnivores. They have parental care (female provides care and paternal care). They rely on flight, lift powered swimming, and swimming to move around.

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
  • Definition: A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A \r\ntaxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, \r\nat appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed \r\nto record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s \r\nlife cycle and life form.
  • Attribution: http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
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  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
  • Definition: A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A \r\ntaxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, \r\nat appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed \r\nto record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s \r\nlife cycle and life form.
  • Source: https://species-registry.canada.ca/index-en.html#/species
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  • URI: https://eol.org/schema/terms/lift_based_swimming
  • Definition: Hydrofoils, or fins, are used to push against the water to create a normal force to provide thrust, propelling the animal through water. The reduction of fin cross-sectional area helps to minimize drag, and therefore increase efficiency. Regardless of size of the animal, at any particular speed, maximum possible lift is proportional to (wing area) x (speed)<sup>2</sup>. Dolphins and whales have large, horizontal caudal hydrofoils, while many fish and sharks have vertical caudal hydrofoils.
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EOL has data for 25 attributes, including:

Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Great auk. View this species on GBIF