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Lardizabalaceae

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Lardizabalaceae is a family of flowering plants.

The family has been universally recognized by taxonomists, including the APG II system (2003; unchanged from the APG system of 1998), which places it in the order Ranunculales, in the clade eudicots.

The family consist of 7 genera with about 40 known species[2][3] of woody plants. All are lianas, save Decaisnea, which are pachycaul shrubs. The leaves are alternate, and compound (usually palmate), with pulvinate leaflets. The flowers are often in drooping racemes.

They are found in eastern Asia, from the Himalayas to Japan, with the exception of the genera Lardizabala and Boquila, both native to southern South America (Chile, and Boquila also in adjacent western Argentina).

Genera

References

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  2. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. (2012). "An overview of Lardizabalaceae". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 29 (3): 235–276. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8748.2012.01790.x.
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.

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Lardizabalaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Lardizabalaceae is a family of flowering plants.

The family has been universally recognized by taxonomists, including the APG II system (2003; unchanged from the APG system of 1998), which places it in the order Ranunculales, in the clade eudicots.

The family consist of 7 genera with about 40 known species of woody plants. All are lianas, save Decaisnea, which are pachycaul shrubs. The leaves are alternate, and compound (usually palmate), with pulvinate leaflets. The flowers are often in drooping racemes.

They are found in eastern Asia, from the Himalayas to Japan, with the exception of the genera Lardizabala and Boquila, both native to southern South America (Chile, and Boquila also in adjacent western Argentina).

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Lardizabalaceae

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La famille des Lardizabalacées (Lardizabalaceae R.Br.) regroupe des plantes dicotylédones. Ce sont des lianes ou des arbustes, des régions tempérées à sub-tropicales, originaires de l'Inde, de l'Extrême-Orient ou du Chili. Les follicules charnus des espèces du genre Akebia sont comestibles.

Selon Watson & Dallwitz elle comprend 35 espèces réparties en 8 genres : Akebia, Boquila, Decaisnea, Holboellia, Lardizabala, Parvatia, Sinofranchetia, Stauntonia. La classification phylogénétique y ajoute le genre Sargentodoxa, classiquement rattaché aux Sargentodoxacées dont il est l'unique genre.

Étymologie

Le nom vient du genre Lardizabala nommé en l'honneur de l'homme d'état espagnol Miguel de Lardizábal (es) (1744-1823) qui étudia la géologie et l’histoire au jardin botanique de Madrid, entra à l'académicie royale de géographie et d'histoire de Valladolid et obtint une place au Conseil des Indes[1],[2].

Liste des genres

Lardizabalaceae






Akebia



Archakebia





Holboellia



Parvatia



Stauntonia






Boquila



Lardizabala





Sinofranchetia




Decaisnea




Sargentodoxa



Phylogramme des genres des Lardizabalacées[3]

Selon NCBI (23 avr. 2010)[4] :

Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (19 mai 2010)[5] :

Selon DELTA Angio (23 avr. 2010)[6] :

Selon ITIS (23 avr. 2010)[7] :

Liste des espèces

Selon NCBI (23 avril 2010)[8] :

Selon ITIS (23 avril 2010)[9] :

Notes et références

  1. Il s'agit des Antilles espagnoles et des Philippines (appelées alors respectivement "Indes occidentales" et "Indes orientales")
  2. (en) Maarten J M Christenhusz, Michael F Fay et Mark W. Chase, Plants of the World : An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Vascular Plants, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2018, 792 p. (ISBN 978-0-2265-2292-0), p. 217
  3. Wei Wang, An-Ming Lu, Yi Ren, Mary E. Endress et Zhi-Duan Chen - Phylogeny and classification of Ranunculales : Evidence from four molecular loci and morphological data - Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics - Volume 11, n° 2 - Elsevier, 2009
  4. NCBI, consulté le 23 avr. 2010
  5. Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]." will do. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, consulté le 19 mai 2010
  6. DELTA Angio, consulté le 23 avr. 2010
  7. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), www.itis.gov, CC0 https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KH0KBK, consulté le 23 avr. 2010
  8. NCBI, consulté le 23 avril 2010
  9. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), www.itis.gov, CC0 https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KH0KBK, consulté le 23 avril 2010

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Lardizabalaceae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

La famille des Lardizabalacées (Lardizabalaceae R.Br.) regroupe des plantes dicotylédones. Ce sont des lianes ou des arbustes, des régions tempérées à sub-tropicales, originaires de l'Inde, de l'Extrême-Orient ou du Chili. Les follicules charnus des espèces du genre Akebia sont comestibles.

Selon Watson & Dallwitz elle comprend 35 espèces réparties en 8 genres : Akebia, Boquila, Decaisnea, Holboellia, Lardizabala, Parvatia, Sinofranchetia, Stauntonia. La classification phylogénétique y ajoute le genre Sargentodoxa, classiquement rattaché aux Sargentodoxacées dont il est l'unique genre.

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으름덩굴과

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으름덩굴과(----科, 학명: Lardizabalaceae 라르디자발라케아이[*])는 미나리아재비목이다.[1]

히말라야, 동아시아 및 칠레 등에 분포하며, 9속의 약 20종 정도가 알려져 있는데, 한국에서는 으름덩굴·멀꿀·여덟잎으름덩굴 등이 분포하고 있다.

대부분 큰 덩굴성 목본으로서, 잎은 손바닥 모양의 겹잎으로 어긋나게 달리며 턱잎은 없다. 암수딴그루 또는 암수한그루로, 꽃은 단성화이고 방사대칭이며 대부분 총상꽃차례를 이루고 있다. 꽃덮이조각은 3개 또는 6개로 떨어져 나는데, 마치 꽃잎과 같다. 수꽃의 수술은 6개가 있고, 수술대와 꽃덮이 사이에는 보통 꿀샘이 있다. 암꽃에는 3-15개의 따로 분리된 씨방이 있는데, 씨방은 상위로 1개의 심피로 이루어져 있으며 1개의 방을 가지는데, 그 안에는 여러 개의 밑씨가 생긴다. 열매는 장과가 되며, 익으면 대부분 세로로 벌어져 알맹이를 먹을 수 있다.

하위 분류

  • 멀꿀속(Stauntonia DC.)
  • 보키속(Boquila Decne.)
  • 으름덩굴속(Akebia Decne.)
  • Decaisnea Hook.f. & Thomson
  • Lardizabala Ruiz & Pav.
  • Sargentodoxa Rehder & E.H.Wilson
  • Sinofranchetia (Diels) Hemsl.

각주

  1. Brown, Robert. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 13(1): 212. 1821.
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