Definition: External ear (pinna) length is a standard measurement in mammalogy, usually measured in a living mammal or a fresh mammal carcass. External ear length is measured from the base of the notch at the bottom of the ear to the apex (highest point) of the ear.
Definition: position of an organism in a food web. May be described verbally with descriptors including primary producer, herbivore or carnivore. If described numerically, 1 indicates a primary producer, 2 a herbivore, and so on up the food web.