Castilleja beldingii

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Castilleja beldingii is a species of hemiparasitic plant in the broomrape family, formerly the only species in the genus Clevelandia,[2][3] it was moved to the genus Castilleja, the 'indian paintbrushes', in 2009.[4]

Taxonomy

Edward Lee Greene first described it as Orthocarpus beldingi in 1885,[5] but he later reclassified it in the monotypic genus Clevelandia in the Bulletin of the California Academy of Sciences in 1886.[2][6] The spelling was later correct to beldingii.[5] However, Greene reclassified it invalidly, the German taxonomist Karl August Otto Hoffmann rectified this and published Greene's name correctly in Adolf Engler's classic Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien in 1893.[6] After molecular phylogenetic work, Tank et al moved it to the large genus Castilleja in 2009.[1][4]

The lectotype was collected in the Sierra La Victoria by the American ornithologist Lyman Belding during his expedition to Baja California in 1883. It was only designated as such in 2009 by Tank et al.[5]

Etymology

Its former generic name Clevelandia honours the San Diego-based plant collector and lawyer Daniel Cleveland (1838–1929), for whom numerous other plants were named,[7] as well as a second Clevelandia genus (the arrow goby, a fish):

The genus is dedicated to Mr. Daniel Cleveland, of San Diego, whose intelligent field labors in Californian Botany have well earned this acknowledgment.

— Edward Lee Greene[8]

Distribution

It is native to Baja California and Baja California Sur, in northwestern Mexico.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "Castilleja beldingii". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Name - Clevelandia Greene". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 16, 2011. Type species: Clevelandia beldingii (Greene) Greene
  3. ^ "Name - Clevelandia beldingii (Greene) Greene". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 16, 2011. Annotation: as "Beldingi"
  4. ^ a b Tank, David C.; Egger, John Mark; Olmstead, Richard G. (March 2009). "Phylogenetic classification of subtribe Castillejinae (Orobanchaceae)". Systematic Botany. 34 (1): 182–197. doi:10.1600/036364409787602357. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Orthocarpus beldingii". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Clevelandia beldingii". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Who was Salvia clevelandii named for?". Smarty Plant. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, the University of Texas at Austin. [T]he author of the species chose to honor Daniel Cleveland, a nineteenth-century lawyer, amateur botanist, plant collector and co-founder of the San Diego Society of Natural History. [Besides Salvia clevelandii,] there are a number of other species named in his honor, including: Cheilanthes clevelandii, Chorizanthe clevelandii, Cryptantha clevelandii, Dodecatheon clevelandii, Horkelia clevelandii, Malacothrix clevelandii, Mimulus clevelandii, Muilla clevelandii, Nicotiana clevelandii and Penstemon clevelandii. Moreover, the monotypic Mexican genus, Clevelandia (now included in Castilleja) was also named in Mr. Cleveland's honor.
  8. ^ Greene, Edward Lee (1886). "Three New Genera". Bulletin of the California Academy of Sciences. 1 (4A): 182.
  9. ^ "Name - Clevelandia beldingii (Greene) Greene - specimens". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
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Castilleja beldingii: Brief Summary

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Castilleja beldingii is a species of hemiparasitic plant in the broomrape family, formerly the only species in the genus Clevelandia, it was moved to the genus Castilleja, the 'indian paintbrushes', in 2009.

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