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Tetraphidaceae ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Les Tetraphidaceae són una família de molses, la única família de la classe Tetraphidopsida i de l'ordre Tetraphidales. Inclou dos gèneres, Tetraphis i Tetrodontium, cadascun amb dues espècies.[2]

Descripció

Les molses de la família Tetraphidaceae tenen un estadi inicial del gametòfit (protonema) filamentós. Les càpsules són estretes, s'obren per un opercle i es troben sobre una seta molt llarga. El tret més característic de la família és el seu peristoma compost per quatre dents. Presenta fil·lidis amb nervi.[3][4] Tetraphis pelludica, és l'espècie més comuna de la família, i és present als Pirineus.[5]

 src=
Detall de peristoma tetradentat de Tetraphis pellucida. tret característic de la família.

Gèneres i espècies

Tetraphis
Tetraphis geniculata
Tetraphis pellucida
Tetrodontium
Tetrodontium brownianum
Tetrodontium repandum

Referències

 src= A Wikimedia Commons hi ha contingut multimèdia relatiu a: Tetraphidaceae Modifica l'enllaç a Wikidata
  1. Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck «Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification». Monographs in Systematic Botany. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 98, 2004, pàg. 205–239.
  2. Harpel, Judith A. «Tetraphidaceae». A: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). Flora of North America. 27. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, p. 111–115. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4.
  3. Wolkmar Wirth; Ruprecht Düll; Xavier Llimona; Rosa María Ros; Olaf Werner. Guía de campo de los líquenes, musgos y hepáticas. Barcelona: Omega, 2004. ISBN 84-282-1266-X.
  4. Shaw, Jonathan; Anderson, Lewis E. «Peristome Development in Mosses in Relation to Systematics and Evolution. II. Tetraphis pellucida (Tetraphidaceae)». American Journal of Botany, 75, 7, 1988, pàg. 1019–1032. DOI: 10.2307/2443770. JSTOR: 2443770.
  5. Casas, Creu. Flora dels briòfits dels Països Catalans. Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans, 2001. ISBN 84-7283-583-9.
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Tetraphidaceae: Brief Summary ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Les Tetraphidaceae són una família de molses, la única família de la classe Tetraphidopsida i de l'ordre Tetraphidales. Inclou dos gèneres, Tetraphis i Tetrodontium, cadascun amb dues espècies.

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Čtyřzoubkovité ( Czech )

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Čtyřzoubkovité (Tetraphidaceae) jediná čeleď mechů z řádu čtyřzoubkotvaré (Tetraphidales) který je dále buď řazen do třídy pravé mechy (Bryopsida), nebo vyčleňován do samostatné třídy Tetraphidopsida.

Popis

Zvláště zajímavý je jejich vytrvalý prvoklíček, který na rozdíl od ostatních mechů dokonce nese jistá rozmnožovací tělíska dosahující někdy i lupenitého vzhledu. Zato samotná gametofytní zelená rostlinka je málo nápadná a někdy až redukovaná. Sporofyt – tedy štět a tobolka – je válcovitý.[1]

Reference

  1. KALINA, Tomáš; VÁŇA, Jiří. Sinice, řasy, houby, mechorosty a podobné organismy v současné biologii. Praha: Karolinum, 2005. 606 s. ISBN 80-246-1036-1.

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Čtyřzoubkovité: Brief Summary ( Czech )

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Čtyřzoubkovité (Tetraphidaceae) jediná čeleď mechů z řádu čtyřzoubkotvaré (Tetraphidales) který je dále buď řazen do třídy pravé mechy (Bryopsida), nebo vyčleňován do samostatné třídy Tetraphidopsida.

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Tetraphidaceae ( Danish )

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Tetraphidaceae er en familie af mosser med kun to slægter. Den ene findes i Danmark.


Danske slægter



Kilder

  • Mogensen, G.S. & Goldberg, I. Danske navne for Tørvemosser, Sortmosser, og Bladmosser der forekommer i Danmark, 2005. PDF-dokument
Stub
Denne botanikartikel er kun påbegyndt. Hvis du ved mere om emnet, kan du hjælpe Wikipedia ved at udvide den.
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Tetraphidaceae ( German )

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Wissenschaftlicher Name der Klasse Tetraphidopsida Goffinet & W.R.Buck Wissenschaftlicher Name der Ordnung Tetraphidales M.Fleisch. Wissenschaftlicher Name der Familie Tetraphidaceae Schimp.

Die Tetraphidaceae sind eine Familie der Moose, deren systematische Stellung lange unklar war. Heute werden sie als eigene Klasse Tetraphidopsida in der Unterabteilung Bryophytina geführt. Die Arten haben eine holarktische Verbreitung.

Merkmale

Es handelt sich um kleine akrokarpe Laubmoose.

Der Gametophyt ist sehr ähnlich dem der Bryidae. Die Pflanzen sind klein bis winzig. Die Blättchen sind breit oval, mit oder ohne Rippe und ihre Laminazellen sind rundlich sechseckig. Das Stämmchen weist unten dreizeilige, weiter oben fünfzeilige Beblätterung auf. Tetraphis besitzt einen Zentralstrang, Tetrodontium nicht. Das Protonema bildet im Gegensatz zu allen anderen Laubmoosen kleine, keulenförmige Brutorgane, die der vegetativen Vermehrung dienen.

Der Sporophyt besteht aus einer Seta mit einem kurzzylindrischen, aufrechten und symmetrischen Sporogon. Tetrodontium besitzt Spaltöffnungen, Tetraphis nicht. Der Deckel ist kegelig und öffnet sich ohne Anulus. Das Peristom besteht aus nur vier Zähnen, worauf sich auch beide Gattungsnamen beziehen. Die Zähne bestehen aus einer dreischichtigen Lage von zahlreichen Zellen. Die das Peristom bildende Schicht bleibt mit der Columella verbunden.

Die Chromosomenzahl beträgt n=7.

Systematik

Das ungewöhnliche Peristom und die sehr ursprüngliche Chromosomenzahl sind die Gründe, dass die Familie heute in eine eigene Klasse innerhalb der Bryophytina gestellt wird. Die Familie enthält nur zwei Gattungen:

Literatur

Weblinks

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Tetraphidaceae: Brief Summary ( German )

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Die Tetraphidaceae sind eine Familie der Moose, deren systematische Stellung lange unklar war. Heute werden sie als eigene Klasse Tetraphidopsida in der Unterabteilung Bryophytina geführt. Die Arten haben eine holarktische Verbreitung.

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Tetraphidaceae

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The Tetraphidaceae is a family of mosses. It includes only the two genera Tetraphis and Tetrodontium, each with two species.[2] The defining feature of the family is the 4-toothed peristome.

family Tetraphidaceae
Tetraphis
Tetraphis geniculata
Tetraphis pellucida
Tetrodontium
Tetrodontium brownianum
Tetrodontium repandum
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Takakiopsida

   

Sphagnopsida

       

Andreaeopsida

   

Andreaeobryopsida

     

Oedipodiopsida

     

Tetraphidaceae

   

Polytrichopsida

   

Bryopsida

            The classification of the Tetraphidaceae, and its phylogenetic position among the mosses.[1][3]

Range

 src=
The shoot and four-toothed peristome on the Tetraphis pellucida

The family of moss is most commonly found in northern latitudes.[4]

Tetraphis

The Tetraphis pellucida is the most common species in the family and is usually found in deciduous forests.[4] The leaves of the Tetraphis pellucida becomes wider the colder the climate becomes, which often leads to a misclassification of the species.[4] Tetraphis geniculta is less commonly found and also appears in northern latitudes.[4] The species often times grows along side the only other species in its genera: Tetraphis pellucida.[4] Both species in the Tetraphis genera were found growing on moist sedimentary rocks and also on soil with high organic content,[4] but the genera is mostly found growing on rotting logs.[5]

Terodontium

Terodontium brownianum grows most frequently on wet and shady rocks, of either granite or sandstone.[4] The species normally grows alone but has been found growing with other bryophytes.[4] Terodontium repandum is extremely rare and has been found growing in parts of central Europe, western north America and southeast Asia.[6]

Morphology

The most notable anatomy structure in the Tetraphidaceae family is the four teeth that make up the peristome.[7] The teeth are whole, thick-walled cells which classifies the moss family as nematodontous.[7] The teeth help the plant adapt as they can sense changes in the moisture in change length.[6]

 src=
A close-up on the four-toothed peristome on the Tetraphis pellucida. The four-toothed peristome is a characteristic of the Tetraphidaceae family.

Tetraphis

The Tetraphis genera is made up of species Tetraphis pellucida and Tetraphis geniculta. The shoots on Tetraphis pellucida can be up to 1.5 cm tall and the lower leaves are often only 1 mm in length.[8] The fertile shoot tips are longer with distinct leaves while the leaves on the sterile shoot tips are more clumped together.[8] The crowded leaves of the non-fertile shoot tip may form a gemma cup.[8] The capsule, which is only about 2–3 mm in length, contains the spores used in sexual reproduction and is made up of four peristome teeth.[2] The capsule usually fruits around early summer [9] and the green, papillose spores are spread by wind.[2]

The main contrast between Tetraphis pellucida and Tetraphis geniculta is the characteristics of the seta.[10] In Tetraphis pellucida the seta is smooth and straight while in Tetraphis geniculta the seta is bent and papillose.[10] In their immature forms, it is often difficult to tell one species from another as the seta is not yet fully developed.[10]

Terodontium

The Terodontium brownianum has short, bristlelike structures that grow out of the protonemal leaves. The bristle-like structure can be up to 4 mm long and the protonemal leaves can be up to 2.5 mm long.[11] Four triangular teeth make up the egg-shaped capsules which are normally only 1 mm long.[11] The spores that the capsule produce are smooth, in contrast to the papillose spores produced by the Tetraphis genera.[2] Terodontium repandum is very similar but produces long, thin branches and the stem usually only grows to be about 2 mm in length.[11] In some cases, the a Terodontium colony is made up only of the protonemal leaves.[11] Additionally, the Terodontium genera does not have specialized asexual structures, in contrast to the Tetraphis genera.[2]

History of taxonomy

Johann Hedwig first described and named the Tretraphis genus and Tretraphis pellucida in his book Species Muscorum Frondosorum, published in 1801. [2] In 1824 Christian Friedrich Schwägrichen named the Terodontium genus.[2] The phylogeny and taxonomy of the Tetraphidaceae family, in relation to other bryophytes, have long been disputed among bryologists.[7] Some bryologist believe that there are characteristics of the family, like the thalloid protonema or the development of the peristome, that indicate that the moss is primitive and may share a common ancestor with Sphagnopsida and Andreaeidae.[7] The exact phylogeny of the family and its species continues to be discussed among bryologists.

References

  1. ^ a b Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck (2004). "Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification". Monographs in Systematic Botany. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 98: 205–239..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Harpel, Judith A. (2007). "Tetraphidaceae". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). Flora of North America. 27. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 111–115. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4.CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link)
  3. ^ Goffinet, B.; W. R. Buck; A. J. Shaw (2008). "Morphology and Classification of the Bryophyta". In Bernard Goffinet & A. Jonathan Shaw (eds.). Bryophyte Biology (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55–138. ISBN 978-0-521-87225-6.CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Forman, Richard T. T. (1962). "The Family Tetraphidaceae in North America: Continental Distribution and Ecology". The Bryologist. 65 (4): 280–285. doi:10.2307/3240727. JSTOR 3240727.
  5. ^ 1922-2002., Crum, Howard, (2001). Structural diversity of bryophytes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Herbarium. ISBN 9780962073342. OCLC 46991287.
  6. ^ a b "Small four-tooth moss videos, photos and facts - Tetrodontium repandum". Arkive. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  7. ^ a b c d Shaw, Jonathan; Anderson, Lewis E. (1988). "Peristome Development in Mosses in Relation to Systematics and Evolution. II. Tetraphis pellucida (Tetraphidaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 75 (7): 1019–1032. doi:10.2307/2443770. JSTOR 2443770.
  8. ^ a b c Alan, Hale. "Tetraphis pellucida" (PDF). British Bryological Society: 333.
  9. ^ Webmaster, David Ratz. "Four Tooth Moss - Montana Field Guide". Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  10. ^ a b c Weber, William A.; Simone, Leo D. (1977). "Tetraphis pellucida and T. geniculata: Scindulae as Diagnostic Features in Bryophytes". The Bryologist. 80 (1): 164–167. doi:10.2307/3242528. JSTOR 3242528.
  11. ^ a b c d Alan, Hale. "Tetrodontium brownianum" (PDF). British Bryolgical Field Guide: 334.
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Tetraphidaceae ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Symbol question.svg
Tetraphidaceae Tetraphis pellucida.jpeg
TaxonomíaReino: PlantaeDivisión: BryophytaClase: Tetraphidopsida
Goffinet & Buck[1]Orden: Tetraphidales
M. Fleisch.Familia: Tetraphidaceae
Schimp.Genera

Las tetrafidáceas (Tetraphidaceae) son una familia de musgos. Incluye sólo los dos géneros, Tetraphis y Tetrodontium, cada uno con dos especies.[2]

Referencias[editar]

  1. Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck (2004). «Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification». Monographs in Systematic Botany. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 98: 205-239. La referencia utiliza el parámetro obsoleto |coautores= (ayuda)
  2. Harpel, Judith A. (2007). "Tetraphidaceae" . En Flora del Comité Editorial del Norte América (eds.). Flora de América del Norte 27 . Nueva York y Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp 111-115. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4 .
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Tetraphidaceae: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Las tetrafidáceas (Tetraphidaceae) son una familia de musgos. Incluye sólo los dos géneros, Tetraphis y Tetrodontium, cada uno con dos especies.​

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Kännikulised ( Estonian )

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Kännikulised (Tetraphidaceae) on lehtsammalde klassi kuuluv sugukond.

Eesti perekonnad

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Kännikulised: Brief Summary ( Estonian )

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Kännikulised (Tetraphidaceae) on lehtsammalde klassi kuuluv sugukond.

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Tetraphidaceae ( Croatian )

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Tetraphidaceae, porodica mahovnjača u vlastitom redu Tetraphidales, i razredu Polytrichopsida, ponekad Tetraphidopsida. Postoje 4 ili pet vrsta unutar 2 roda[1].

Porodica Calomniaceae, koja je nekada bila klasificirana u ovaj red, danas je uključena u red Rhizogoniales.

Rodovi

  1. Tetraphis Hedw.
  2. Tetrodontium Schwägr.

Izvori

  1. Tropicos pristupljeno 28. rujna 2018
"Logotip
Na Zajedničkom poslužitelju postoje datoteke vezane uz: Tetraphidaceae
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Wikivrste imaju podatke o: Tetraphidales
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Tetraphidaceae: Brief Summary ( Croatian )

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Tetraphidaceae, porodica mahovnjača u vlastitom redu Tetraphidales, i razredu Polytrichopsida, ponekad Tetraphidopsida. Postoje 4 ili pet vrsta unutar 2 roda.

Porodica Calomniaceae, koja je nekada bila klasificirana u ovaj red, danas je uključena u red Rhizogoniales.

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Tetraphidaceae ( Indonesian )

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Tetraphidaceae adalah keluarga lumut daun yang memiliki dua genus, Tetraphis dan Tetrodontium, yang masing masing memiliki dua spesies.[2]

Klasifikasi

keluarga Tetraphidaceae
Tetraphis
Tetraphis geniculata
Tetraphis pellucida
Tetrodontium
Tetrodontium brownianum
Tetrodontium repandum


Takakiopsida



Sphagnopsida





Andreaeopsida



Andreaeobryopsida




Oedipodiopsida




Tetraphidaceae



Polytrichopsida



Bryopsida







Klasifikasi Tetraphidaceae, dan posisi filogeni nya di antara lumut daun.[3]

Referensi

  1. ^ Goffinet, Bernard (2004). "Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification". Monographs in Systematic Botany. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 98: 205–239. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui mengabaikan (|author= yang disarankan) (bantuan)
  2. ^ Harpel, Judith A. (2007). "Tetraphidaceae". Dalam Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). Flora of North America. 27. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press. hlm. 111–115. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4.Pemeliharaan CS1: Teks tambahan: editors list (link)
  3. ^ Goffinet, B. (2008). "Morphology and Classification of the Bryophyta". Dalam Bernard Goffinet & A. Jonathan Shaw (eds.). Bryophyte Biology (edisi ke-2nd). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. hlm. 55–138. ISBN 978-0-521-87225-6. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui mengabaikan (|author= yang disarankan) (bantuan)Pemeliharaan CS1: Teks tambahan: editors list (link)
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Tetraphidaceae: Brief Summary ( Indonesian )

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Tetraphidaceae adalah keluarga lumut daun yang memiliki dua genus, Tetraphis dan Tetrodontium, yang masing masing memiliki dua spesies.

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Tetraphidaceae ( Portuguese )

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Tetraphidaceae é uma família de musgos cuja classificação botânica permaneceu incerta por muito tempo. Hoje estes musgos são encaixados e reconhecidos como uma subclasse própria dos briópsidas.

Estas espécies de musgos se encontram presentes em todas as regiões nórdicas do globo, naquelas que formam o holártico.

 src=
Holártico, um dos seis grandes reinos florais do planeta terra.

Referências

Ligações externas

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Tetraphidaceae: Brief Summary ( Portuguese )

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Tetraphidaceae é uma família de musgos cuja classificação botânica permaneceu incerta por muito tempo. Hoje estes musgos são encaixados e reconhecidos como uma subclasse própria dos briópsidas.

Estas espécies de musgos se encontram presentes em todas as regiões nórdicas do globo, naquelas que formam o holártico.

 src= Holártico, um dos seis grandes reinos florais do planeta terra.
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Tetraphidaceae ( Vietnamese )

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Tetraphidaceae là một họ rêu trong bộ Tetraphidales.[2] Họ này chỉ có 2 chi TetraphisTetrodontium, mỗi chi có 2 loài.[3]

Họ Tetraphidaceae
Tetraphis
Tetraphis geniculata
Tetraphis pellucida
Tetrodontium
Tetrodontium brownianum
Tetrodontium repandum


Takakiopsida



Sphagnopsida





Andreaeopsida



Andreaeobryopsida




Oedipodiopsida




Tetraphidaceae



Polytrichopsida



Bryopsida







Phân loại học của Tetraphidaceae, và vị trí phát sinh loài của nó trong nhóm Ngành Rêu.[1][4]

Chú thích

  1. ^ a ă Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck (2004). “Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification”. Monographs in Systematic Botany. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 98: 205–239. Chú thích sử dụng tham số |coauthors= bị phản đối (trợ giúp) Lỗi chú thích: Thẻ không hợp lệ: tên “Goffinet & Buck 2004” được định rõ nhiều lần, mỗi lần có nội dung khác
  2. ^ The Plant List (2010). Tetraphidaceae. Truy cập ngày 11 tháng 6 năm 2014.
  3. ^ Harpel, Judith A. (2007). “Tetraphidaceae”. Trong Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). Flora of North America 27. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press. tr. 111–115. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4.
  4. ^ Goffinet, B.; W. R. Buck; & A. J. Shaw (2008). “Morphology and Classification of the Bryophyta”. Trong Bernard Goffinet & A. Jonathan Shaw (eds.). Bryophyte Biology (ấn bản 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. tr. 55–138. ISBN 978-0-521-87225-6. Chú thích sử dụng tham số |coauthors= bị phản đối (trợ giúp)

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네삭치이끼과 ( Korean )

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

네삭치이끼과(Tetraphidaceae)는 이끼류 과의 하나이다. 2개 속만을 포함하고 있으며, 각각 2종씩 있다.[2]

분류

네삭치이끼과 (Tetraphidaceae)

  • 네삭치이끼속 (Tetraphis)
    • Tetraphis geniculata
    • Tetraphis pellucida
  • Tetrodontium
    • Tetrodontium brownianum
    • Tetrodontium repandum

계통 분류

이끼류의 계통 분류는 다음과 같다.[3][4]

선태식물문

타카키아강



물이끼강





검정이끼강



안드레아에오브리움강




오이디포디움강




네삭치이끼강



솔이끼강



선태식물강







각주

  1. Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck (2004). “Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification”. 《Monographs in Systematic Botany》. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 98: 205–239. 더 이상 지원되지 않는 변수를 사용함 (도움말)
  2. Harpel, Judith A. (2007). 〈Tetraphidaceae〉. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 《Flora of North America》 27. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press. 111–115쪽. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4.
  3. Goffinet, B.; W. R. Buck; & A. J. Shaw. 〈Morphology and Classification of the Bryophyta〉. Bernard Goffinet & A. Jonathan Shaw (eds.). 《Bryophyte Biology》 2판. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 55–138쪽. ISBN 9780521872256. 지원되지 않는 변수 무시됨: |출판년도= (도움말); 더 이상 지원되지 않는 변수를 사용함 (도움말) CS1 관리 - 추가 문구 (링크)
  4. Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck. “Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification”. 《Monographs in Systematic Botany》. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 98: 205–239. ISBN 1-930723-38-5. 더 이상 지원되지 않는 변수를 사용함 (도움말); 지원되지 않는 변수 무시됨: |발행년도= (도움말)
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네삭치이끼과: Brief Summary ( Korean )

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

네삭치이끼과(Tetraphidaceae)는 이끼류 과의 하나이다. 2개 속만을 포함하고 있으며, 각각 2종씩 있다.

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cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia 작가 및 편집자