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Stink badger
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Skull and dentition, as illustrated in Gervais' Histoire naturelle des mammifères

Stink badgers (Mydaus) are not true badgers but a genus of the skunk family of carnivorans, the Mephitidae. There are only two extant species - the Palawan stink badger (M. marchei), and the Sunda stink badger or Teledu (M. javanensis). They live only on western islands of the Malay Archipelago: Sumatra, Java, Borneo and (in the case of the Palawan stink badger) on the Philippine island of Palawan; as well as many other, smaller islands in the region.

Stink badgers are named for their resemblance to badgers and for the foul-smelling secretions that they expel from anal glands in self-defense (which is stronger in the Sunda species).[3]

Stink badgers were traditionally thought to be related to true badgers in the (subfamily Melinae) of the weasel family of carnivores, the Mustelidae, but recent DNA analysis so strongly suggests they share a more recent common ancestor with skunks that experts have now placed them in the skunk family of carnivores, the Mephitidae.[3][4] The two existing species are different enough from each other for the Palawan stink badger to be sometimes classified in its own genus, Suillotaxus.[3]

References

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 622–623. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire, Étienne; Cuvier, Frédéric (1821). "Le télagon". Histoire naturelle des mammifères. 3 (27). Paris. pp. 1–2.
  3. ^ a b c Stink badgers at the Badger Pages Archived 2007-08-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Koepfli KP, Deere KA, Slater GJ, et al. (2008). "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation". BMC Biol. 6 (1): 4–5. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-6-10. PMC 2276185. PMID 18275614.
Extant Carnivora species
Suborder Feliformia
NandiniidaeNandinia Herpestidae
(Mongooses)Atilax Bdeogale Crossarchus Cynictis Dologale Galerella Helogale Herpestes Ichneumia Liberiictus Mungos Paracynictis Rhynchogale Suricata Hyaenidae
(Hyenas)Crocuta Hyaena Proteles Felidae
Large family listed below
Viverridae
Large family listed below
Eupleridae
Small family listed below
Family Felidae
FelinaeAcinonyx Caracal Catopuma Felis Leopardus Leptailurus Lynx Otocolobus Pardofelis Prionailurus Puma Herpailurus PantherinaePanthera Neofelis
Family Viverridae (includes Civets)
ParadoxurinaeArctictis Arctogalidia Macrogalidia Paguma Paradoxurus HemigalinaeChrotogale Cynogale Diplogale Hemigalus Prionodontinae
(Asiatic linsangs)Prionodon ViverrinaeCivettictis Genetta
(Genets) Poiana Viverra Viverricula
Family Eupleridae
EuplerinaeCryptoprocta Eupleres Fossa GalidiinaeGalidia Galidictis Mungotictis Salanoia
Suborder Caniformia (cont. below)
Ursidae
(Bears)Ailuropoda Helarctos Melursus Tremarctos Ursus MephitidaeConepatus
(Hog-nosed
skunks)
Mephitis Mydaus Spilogale
(Spotted skunks) ProcyonidaeBassaricyon
(Olingos) Bassariscus Nasua
(Coatis inclusive) Nasuella
(Coatis inclusive) Potos Procyon AiluridaeAilurus
Suborder Caniformia (cont. above)
Otariidae
(Eared seals)
(includes fur seals
and sea lions)

(Pinniped inclusive)Arctocephalus Callorhinus Eumetopias Neophoca Otaria Phocarctos Zalophus Odobenidae
(Pinniped inclusive)Odobenus Phocidae
(Earless seals)
(Pinniped inclusive)Cystophora Erignathus Halichoerus Histriophoca Hydrurga Leptonychotes Lobodon Mirounga
(Elephant seals) Monachus Ommatophoca Pagophilus Phoca Pusa Canidae
Large family listed below
Mustelidae
Large family listed below
Family Canidae (includes dogs)
Atelocynus Canis Cerdocyon Chrysocyon Cuon Lycalopex Lycaon Nyctereutes Otocyon Speothos Urocyon Vulpes
(Foxes)
Family Mustelidae
Lutrinae
(Otters)Aonyx Enhydra Hydrictis Lontra Lutra Lutrogale Pteronura Mustelinae
(including badgers)Arctonyx Eira Galictis Gulo Ictonyx Lyncodon Martes
(Martens) Pekania Meles Mellivora Melogale
(Ferret-badgers) Mustela
(Weasels and Ferrets) Neovison
(Minks) Poecilogale Taxidea Vormela
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Stink badger: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

 src= Skull and dentition, as illustrated in Gervais' Histoire naturelle des mammifères

Stink badgers (Mydaus) are not true badgers but a genus of the skunk family of carnivorans, the Mephitidae. There are only two extant species - the Palawan stink badger (M. marchei), and the Sunda stink badger or Teledu (M. javanensis). They live only on western islands of the Malay Archipelago: Sumatra, Java, Borneo and (in the case of the Palawan stink badger) on the Philippine island of Palawan; as well as many other, smaller islands in the region.

Stink badgers are named for their resemblance to badgers and for the foul-smelling secretions that they expel from anal glands in self-defense (which is stronger in the Sunda species).

Stink badgers were traditionally thought to be related to true badgers in the (subfamily Melinae) of the weasel family of carnivores, the Mustelidae, but recent DNA analysis so strongly suggests they share a more recent common ancestor with skunks that experts have now placed them in the skunk family of carnivores, the Mephitidae. The two existing species are different enough from each other for the Palawan stink badger to be sometimes classified in its own genus, Suillotaxus.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN
ID
d52b81a9656ed453ac020b90b86d077d