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Strophurus
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For the New Caledonian genus called striped geckos, see Dierogekko. For the Nepalese species called striped gecko, see Cyrtodactylus markuscombaii.


Strophurus is a genus of lizards in the family Diplodactylidae. All species of Strophurus are endemic to Australia, and are sometimes given the common names spiny-tailed geckos or striped geckos.

Description

The species of this genus are 80 to 130 mm (3.1 to 5.1 in) long. The scales of the body are generally small and round, sometimes interspersed with enlarged scales and soft spines.

All members of this genus have the unique defence, the ability to squirt a harmless, foul-smelling fluid from their tails, which can create a highly flammable substance when mixed with ammonia. This fluid is used to deter birds while they are perching in shrubbery, being unusual in the family by exposing themselves during the day. As with other geckos, they are also nocturnal. Some members lack spines and enlarged scales, while another subgroup features spines on the tail and other parts of the body.[1]

Their habitat is amongst shrubs and hummock grass, but they occasionally move to the ground for warmth or to mate. This behavior is especially prominent in pregnant female, which use the additional warmth of rocks and roads to assist development of the two eggs they carrry.[1]

Species

There are 20 species of Strophurus,[2][3] and a number of subspecies.[1]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution Strophurus assimilis (Storr, 1988) Australia Strophurus ciliaris (Boulenger, 1885) Northern spiny-tailed gecko Australia Strophurus congoo (Vanderduys, 2016) Congoo gecko Australia (N Queensland) Jewelled Gecko (Strophurus elderi) (9391007062).jpg Strophurus elderi (Stirling & Zietz, 1893) jewelled gecko Australia Strophurus horneri (P. Oliver & Parkin, 2014) Arnhem Phasmid gecko Australia Southern Spiny-tailed Gecko (Strophurus intermedius) (9390989108).jpg Strophurus intermedius (Ogilby, 1892) southern spiny-tailed gecko or eastern spiny-tailed gecko Australia NSW, NT, SA, Vic and WA Strophurus jeanae (Storr, 1988) southern phasmid gecko Australia Strophurus krisalys.jpg Strophurus krisalys (Sadlier, 2005) Australia Strophurus mcmillani (Storr, 1978) short-tailed striped gecko Australia Strophurus michaelseni (Werner, 1910) robust striped gecko Australia Strophurus rankini (Storr, 1979) Exmouth spiny-tailed gecko Australia Strophurus robinsoni (L.A. Smith, 1995) Australia Strophurus spinigerus (Gray, 1842) south-western spiny-tailed gecko or soft spiny-tailed gecko Australia Strophurus strophurus (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836) Western spiny-tailed gecko Australia Strophurus taeniatus (Lönnberg & Andersson, 1913) phasmid striped gecko or white-striped gecko Australia Golden Tailed Gecko.jpg Strophurus taenicauda (De Vis, 1886) golden spiny-tailed gecko or the golden-tailed gecko Australia Strophurus trux (Vanderduys, 2017) Australia Strophurus wellingtonae (Storr, 1988) Western Shield spiny-tailed gecko Australia Strophurus williamsi (Kluge, 1963) eastern spiny-tailed gecko or soft-spined gecko Australia Strophurus wilsoni (Storr, 1983) Mount Augustus spiny-tailed gecko or Mount Augustus striped gecko Australia

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Strophurus.

References

  1. ^ a b c Browne-Cooper, Robert; Brian Bush; Brad Maryan; David Robinson (2007). Reptiles and Frogs in the Bush: Southwestern Australia. University of Western Australia Press. pp. 123, 124. ISBN 978-1-920694-74-6..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ "Strophurus". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  3. ^ "Strophurus ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database-org.

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Strophurus: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN
For the New Caledonian genus called striped geckos, see Dierogekko. For the Nepalese species called striped gecko, see Cyrtodactylus markuscombaii.


Strophurus is a genus of lizards in the family Diplodactylidae. All species of Strophurus are endemic to Australia, and are sometimes given the common names spiny-tailed geckos or striped geckos.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN
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e2ae05bf5100928e88ece217b5a5fda5