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Brief Summary
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There has been some uncertainty about the relationship between the snake genera Ptyas Fitzinger, 1843 and Zaocys Cope, 1861 (David and Vogel 1996 cited in Vogel and Hauser 2013). Vogel and Hauser (2013) state that they regard the genus Zaocys, with some reservation, as a synonym of Ptyas (Taylor 1965 cited in Vogel and Hauser 2013).

According to Vogel and Hauser (2013), the snake genus Ptyas includes eight species of diurnal, fast-moving snakes that climb well. All species are oviparous. Due to their large size some species are exploited for the leather trade or for consumption.

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Ptyas
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Ptyas is a genus of colubrid snakes. This genus is one of several colubrid genera colloquially called "rat snakes" or "ratsnakes".

Species

Eight species are recognized.[1]

References

  1. ^ "Genus: Ptyas". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 20 April 2014..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}

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Ptyas: Brief Summary
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Ptyas is a genus of colubrid snakes. This genus is one of several colubrid genera colloquially called "rat snakes" or "ratsnakes".

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Ptyas ( Spanish; Castilian )
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Symbol question.svg
Ptyas AB084 Ptyas mucosos.JPG
TaxonomíaReino: AnimaliaFilo: ChordataClase: SauropsidaOrden: SquamataSuborden: SerpentesInfraorden: AlethinophidiaFamilia: ColubridaeGénero: Ptyas
Fitzinger, 1843Especie tipo Coluber mucosus
Linnaeus, 1758Especies

Véase texto.

Ptyas es un género de serpientes de la familia Colubridae. Sus especies se distribuyen por la región indomalaya y zonas próximas de Asia, y la Wallacea.

Especies[editar]

Se reconocen las siguientes:[1]

Referencias[editar]

  1. Uetz, P. & Jirí Hošek (ed.). «Ptyas». Reptile Database. Reptarium. Consultado el 24 de mayo de 2014.

Enlaces externos[editar]

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Ptyas: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )
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Ptyas es un género de serpientes de la familia Colubridae. Sus especies se distribuyen por la región indomalaya y zonas próximas de Asia, y la Wallacea.

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Ptyas ( Basque )
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Ptyas Colubridae familiako narrasti genero bat da. Asiako hego-ekialdean, hegoaldean eta ekialdean bizi dira. Handiak izan daitezke, 3,7 metro arte.

Espezieak

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Ptyas: Brief Summary ( Basque )
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Ptyas Colubridae familiako narrasti genero bat da. Asiako hego-ekialdean, hegoaldean eta ekialdean bizi dira. Handiak izan daitezke, 3,7 metro arte.

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Ptyas ( Indonesian )
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Ptyas adalah marga ular tikus yang tersebar luas di Asia Tenggara (termasuk Indonesia) dan sebagian Asia Selatan. Terdapat 8 spesies.

Jenis-jenis

Referensi

Informasi lainnya

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Ptyas: Brief Summary ( Indonesian )
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Ptyas adalah marga ular tikus yang tersebar luas di Asia Tenggara (termasuk Indonesia) dan sebagian Asia Selatan. Terdapat 8 spesies.

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Ptyas ( Polish )
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Ptyasrodzaj węża z podrodziny Colubrinae w rodzinie połozowatych (Colubridae).

Zasięg występowania

Rodzaj obejmuje gatunki występujące w Turkmenistanie, Iranie, Afganistanie, Pakistanie, Chinach, na Tajwanie, w Indiach, na Sri Lance, w Bhutanie, Bangladeszu, Mjanmie, Tajlandii, Laosie, Wietnamie, Kambodży, Malezji, Singapurze, na Filipinach, Brunei, Indonezji i Japonii[9].

Systematyka

Etymologia

  • Ptyas: gr. πτυας ptuas, πτυαδος ptuados „rodzaj żmii”[10].
  • Eurypholis: gr. ευρυς eurus „szeroki”[11]; φολις pholis, φολιδος pholidos „rogowa łuska”[12]. Gatunek typowy: Eurypholis semicarinatus Hallowell, 1860.
  • Zaocys: gr. ζα- za- „bardzo”[13]; ωκυς ōkus „szybki”[14]. Gatunek typowy: Coluber dhumnades Cantor, 1842.
  • Zapyrus: gr. ζα- za- „bardzo”[13]; πυρ pur, πυρος puros „ogień”[15]. Gatunek typowy: Coryphodon fuscus Günther, 1858.
  • Cyclophiops: rodzaj Cyclophis Günther, 1858; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos „wygląd, twarz”[16]. Gatunek typowy: Cyclophiops doriae Boulenger, 1888.
  • Entechinus: gr. εντος entos „wewnątrz, w środku”[17]; έχίνος ekhinos „jeż”[18]. Gatunek typowy: Cyclophis major Günther, 1858.
  • Adiastema: gr. αδην adēn, αδενος adenos „gruczoł”[19]; στημα stēma, στηματος stēmatos „zewnętrzna powłoka fallusa”[20]. Gatunek typowy: Adiastema cervinum Werner, 1925 (= Eurypholis semicarinatus Hallowell, 1860).

Podział systematyczny

Do rodzaju należą następujące gatunki[9]:

Przypisy

  1. Ptyas, w: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ang.).
  2. L.J.F.J. Fitzinger: Systema reptilium. Fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Vindobonae: Braumüller et Seidel, 1843, s. 26. (łac.)
  3. E. Hallowell. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N.. „Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia”. 12, s. 493, 1860 (ang.).
  4. E.D. Cope. Catalogue of the Colubridae in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. „Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia”. 12, s. 563, 1860 (ang.).
  5. A.C.L.G. Günther: The reptiles of British India. London: Pub. for the Ray society by R. Hardwicke, 1864, s. 256. (ang.)
  6. G.A. Boulenger. An account of the Reptilia obtained in Burma, north of Tenasserim, by M. L. Fea, of the Genova Civic Museum. „Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova”. Serie 2a. 26, s. 599, 1888 (ang.).
  7. E.D. Cope. „Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia”. 46, s. 427, 1894 (ang.).
  8. F. Werner. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. II. Teil. „Sitzungsberichte. Abt. 1, Mineralogie, Krystallographie, Botanik, Physiologie der Pflanzen, Zoologie, Paläontologie, Geologie, physische Geographie und Reisen”. 134, s. 54, 1925 (niem.).
  9. a b P. Uetz & J. Hallermann: Genus: Ptyas (ang.). The Reptile Database. [dostęp 2019-04-14].
  10. Reptilia. W: L. Agassiz: Nomenclator zoologicus, continens nomina systematica generum animalium tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum disposita, adjectis auctoribus, libris, in quibus reperiuntur, anno editionis, etymologia et familiis, ad quas pertinent, in singulis classibus. Soloduri: Jent et Gassmann, 1842–1846, s. 37. (łac.)
  11. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 87.
  12. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 172.
  13. a b Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 255.
  14. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 151.
  15. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 191.
  16. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 155.
  17. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 82.
  18. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 78.
  19. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 6.
  20. Jaeger 1944 ↓, s. 220.
  21. Praca zbiorowa: Zwierzęta: encyklopedia ilustrowana. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 2005, s. 402. ISBN 83-01-14344-4.

Bibliografia

  1. E.C. Jaeger: Source-book of biological names and terms. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas, 1944, s. 1–256. (ang.)
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Ptyas: Brief Summary ( Polish )
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Ptyas ( Romanian; Moldavian; Moldovan )
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Ptyas[1] este un gen de șerpi din familia Colubridae.[1]


Cladograma conform Catalogue of Life[1]:

Ptyas

Ptyas carinata



Ptyas dhumnades



Ptyas dipsas



Ptyas fusca



Ptyas korros



Ptyas luzonensis



Ptyas mucosa



Ptyas nigromarginatus



Referințe

  1. ^ a b c Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). „Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist”. Species 2000: Reading, UK. Accesat în 24 september 2012. Verificați datele pentru: |access-date= (ajutor)Mentenanță CS1: Nume multiple: lista autorilor (link)


Legături externe

Commons
Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de Ptyas
Wikispecies
Wikispecies conține informații legate de Ptyas
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Ptyas ( Vietnamese )
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Ptyas là một chi trong họ Rắn nước (Colubridae). Chi này là một trong vài chi của họ Rắn nước được gọi trong dân dã là "rắn săn chuột".

Các loài

Tại thời điẻm năm 2012 người ta công nhận 8 loài thuộc chi này.[2][3]

Chú thích

  1. ^ Wikispecies
  2. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org
  3. ^ Ptyas trong EOL

Tham khảo


Hình tượng sơ khai Bài viết liên quan phân họ rắn Colubrinae này vẫn còn sơ khai. Bạn có thể giúp Wikipedia bằng cách mở rộng nội dung để bài được hoàn chỉnh hơn.
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Ptyas: Brief Summary ( Vietnamese )
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Ptyas là một chi trong họ Rắn nước (Colubridae). Chi này là một trong vài chi của họ Rắn nước được gọi trong dân dã là "rắn săn chuột".

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鼠蛇屬 ( Chinese )
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鼠蛇屬(學名:Ptyas)是蛇亞目游蛇科下的一個蛇,一般以田野間的鼠隻為食。

物種

下列部分本屬物種:

參考文獻

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鼠蛇屬: Brief Summary ( Chinese )
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鼠蛇屬(學名:Ptyas)是蛇亞目游蛇科下的一個蛇,一般以田野間的鼠隻為食。

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