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Passandridae ( Czech )

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Passandridae jsou čeleď brouků z nadčeledi Cucojoidea. Zatím bylo popsáno 9 rodů s více než 100 druhy.

Taxonomie

  • Rod Ancistria - 33 druhů, Afrika a Asie
  • Rod Anisocerus - 3 druhy, Afrika a Asie
  • Rod Aulonosoma - 3 druhy, Afrika - Nová Guinea, Evropa
    • Aulonosoma tenebrioides Motschulsky, 1858 - evropský druh
  • Rod Catogenus - 18 druhů, Kanada - Argentina
  • Rod Passandra - 31 druhů, jižní a střední Amerika, Afrika, Asie, Oceánie
  • Rod Passandrella - 2 druhy, jižní a střední Amerika
  • Rod Passandrina - 2 druhy, Madagaskar
  • Rod Scalidiopsis - 1 druh, Brazílie
  • Rod Taphroscelidia - 14 druhů, USA - Argentina

Externí odkazy

  • Logo Wikimedia Commons Obrázky, zvuky či videa k tématu Passandridae ve Wikimedia Commons
  • Thomas, M. 1999. A preliminary checklist of the flat bark beetles of the world (family Passandridae). [1]
  • Passandridae v Tree of life (obrázek): [2]

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Passandridae: Brief Summary ( Czech )

provided by wikipedia CZ

Passandridae jsou čeleď brouků z nadčeledi Cucojoidea. Zatím bylo popsáno 9 rodů s více než 100 druhy.

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Passandridae

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Passandridae, the "parasitic flat bark beetles," are a family of beetles notable for being one of the very few beetle families with larvae that are, as far as known, exclusively ectoparasitic on the immature stages of other beetles and Hymenoptera.[1][2][3]

Adults are small to moderate sized beetles, 3-35mm, with heavily sclerotized bodies that are either dorso-ventrally compressed (genera occurring under bark) or subcylindrical in cross section (genera inhabiting wood-borer tunnels). Adults are generally brown or black, rarely with a color pattern, with prominent mandibles, confluent gular sutures, thick, moniliform antennae (antenna with equally sized spherical segments that looks like a string of beads), unequal tibial spurs on the front legs, and generally a characteristic system of grooves and/or carina on the dorsal surface.[4][5]

Larvae are highly modified for their parasitoid habits. First instar larvae are heavily sclerotized, flattened, and spiny. Later instar larvae are physogastric (swollen posteriorly), with simple setae, short unsegmented legs, and reduced mouthparts.[5]

Passandridae consists of 109 described species in nine genera. Only Passandra Dalman occurs in both the Old and New Worlds, being represented in the Neotropical region by a single species, P. fasciata (Gray). The genera Ancistria, Aulonosoma, Nicolebertia, and Passandrina are restricted to the Old World, while Catogenus, Passandrella, Scalidiopsis, and Taphroscelidia are found only in the New World. Only Catogenus and Taphroscelidia occur in the Nearctic. The largest genus is Ancistria, with 34 described species.

References

  1. ^ Dimmock, G. 1884. Notes on Catogenus rufus. Psyche: 341-342.
  2. ^ Fiske, W.F. 1905. Catogenus rufus, a coleopterous parasite. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 7: 90-92.
  3. ^ Gravely, F. H. 1916. Some lignicolous beetle larvae from India and Borneo. Records of the Indian Museum 12: 137-175.
  4. ^ Thomas, M.C. 2002. Family 81. Passandridae Erichson 1845. Pp. 327-328 In: Arnett, R. H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley, and J. H. Frank (editors). 2002. American Beetles. Vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press, Boca Raton. xiv + 861pp.
  5. ^ a b Burckhardt, D. & S. A. Slipinski. 10.19 Passandridae Blanchard, 1845/Erichson, 1845. p. 363-368. In: Leschen, R.A.B., R.G. Beutel, and J.F. Lawrence. Coleoptera, Beetles. Vol. 2: Morphology and Systematics (Elateroidea, Bostrichiformia, Cucujiformia partim). Handbook of Zoology. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
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Passandridae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Passandridae, the "parasitic flat bark beetles," are a family of beetles notable for being one of the very few beetle families with larvae that are, as far as known, exclusively ectoparasitic on the immature stages of other beetles and Hymenoptera.

Adults are small to moderate sized beetles, 3-35mm, with heavily sclerotized bodies that are either dorso-ventrally compressed (genera occurring under bark) or subcylindrical in cross section (genera inhabiting wood-borer tunnels). Adults are generally brown or black, rarely with a color pattern, with prominent mandibles, confluent gular sutures, thick, moniliform antennae (antenna with equally sized spherical segments that looks like a string of beads), unequal tibial spurs on the front legs, and generally a characteristic system of grooves and/or carina on the dorsal surface.

Larvae are highly modified for their parasitoid habits. First instar larvae are heavily sclerotized, flattened, and spiny. Later instar larvae are physogastric (swollen posteriorly), with simple setae, short unsegmented legs, and reduced mouthparts.

Passandridae consists of 109 described species in nine genera. Only Passandra Dalman occurs in both the Old and New Worlds, being represented in the Neotropical region by a single species, P. fasciata (Gray). The genera Ancistria, Aulonosoma, Nicolebertia, and Passandrina are restricted to the Old World, while Catogenus, Passandrella, Scalidiopsis, and Taphroscelidia are found only in the New World. Only Catogenus and Taphroscelidia occur in the Nearctic. The largest genus is Ancistria, with 34 described species.

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Passandridae ( Norwegian )

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Passandridae er en familie av biller som hovedsakelig lever i tropene, selv om en art går så langt nord som Canada. I Europa lever ingen av dem ute i naturen, men arten Aulonosoma tenebrioides har blitt funnet i havneområder, trolig importert med tropisk tømmer. Såvidt man kjenner til lever disse billene som parasitterlarver og pupper av treborende biller og årevinger.

Utseende

Små til middelsstore (3,5 – 35 mm), avlange, glatte, smale, parallellsidige, oftest brunlige biller. De fleste er ganske flate men noen er omtrent sylindriske. Hodet er stort og bredt, minst like bredt som brystskjoldet, med små, runde fasettøyne. Kjevene (mandiblene) er framoverrettede og stikker litt ut foran. Antennene er litt lengre enn hodet og brystskjoldet til sammen, 11-leddete, perlekjedeformede og ganske tykke. Brystskjoldet (pronotum) er lengre enn bredt, omtrent firkantet sett ovenfra, med avsatte sidekanter, tydelige bakhjørner og en stor, avlang grop i midten. Dekkvingene er avlange, parallellsidige, som oftest med lengdefurer. Beina er ganske korte og kraftige, føttene fem-leddete.

Levevis

Biologien til disse billene er dårlig kjent men alle artene man vet noe om lever i død ved, gjerne under barken på døde trær, og lever av pupper (av og til også larver) av vedborende insekter. Det er ikke klart om de bør regnes som rovdyr eller parasitter. De angriper særlig biller (trebukker, praktbiller, hettebiller, snutebiller og andre) men også av og til årevinger. De aller fleste artene lever i tropene, men fire arter finnes naturlig i Nord-Amerika, og de lever så langt nord som Japan i Asia.

Systematisk inndeling

Treliste
  • Ordenen Biller, Coleoptera
    • Underordenen Polyphaga
      • Gruppen (infraorden) Cucujiformia
        • Overfamiien Glans- og flatbiller , Cucujoidea
          • Familien Passandridae
            • Slekten Ancistria – 33 arter, Afrika og Asia
            • Slekten Anisocerus – 3 arter, Afrika og Asia
            • Slekten Aulonosoma – 3 arter, Afrika – Ny-Guinea
              • Aulonosoma tenebrioides Motschulsky, 1858 – blir av og til funnet i Europa
            • Slekten Catogenus – 18 arter, CanadaArgentina
            • Slekten Passandra – 31 arter, Sør- og Mellom-Amerika, Afrika, Asia, Oseania
            • Slekten Passandrella – 2 arter, Sør- og Mellom-Amerika
            • Slekten Passandrina – 2 arter, Madagaskar
            • Slekten Scalidiopsis – 1 art, Brasil
            • Slekten Taphroscelidia – 14 arter, USAArgentina

Kilder

  • Thomas, M. 1999. A preliminary checklist of the flat bark beetles of the world (family Passandridae). [1]
  • Passandridae på Tree of life (med bilde): [2]

Eksterne lenker

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Wikipedia forfattere og redaktører
original
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wikipedia NO

Passandridae: Brief Summary ( Norwegian )

provided by wikipedia NO

Passandridae er en familie av biller som hovedsakelig lever i tropene, selv om en art går så langt nord som Canada. I Europa lever ingen av dem ute i naturen, men arten Aulonosoma tenebrioides har blitt funnet i havneområder, trolig importert med tropisk tømmer. Såvidt man kjenner til lever disse billene som parasitterlarver og pupper av treborende biller og årevinger.

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copyright
Wikipedia forfattere og redaktører
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wikipedia NO

Passandridae ( Russian )

provided by wikipedia русскую Википедию
Царство: Животные
Подцарство: Эуметазои
Без ранга: Первичноротые
Без ранга: Линяющие
Без ранга: Panarthropoda
Надкласс: Шестиногие
Класс: Насекомые
Надотряд: Coleopterida
Подотряд: Разноядные жуки
Инфраотряд: Кукуйиформные
Надсемейство: Кукуйоидные
Семейство: Passandridae
Международное научное название

Passandridae Erichson, 1845

Синонимы
  • Ancistriinae Sharp, 1899
  • Scalidiinae Grouvelle, 1916
Роды
Wikispecies-logo.svg
Систематика
на Викивидах
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Изображения
на Викискладе
ITIS 678355NCBI 196983EOL 355FW 69457

Passandridae (лат.)семейство насекомых из подотряда разноядных жуков. Известно 9 родов и ~100 видов, распространённых повсеместно[1], за исключением западной Палеарктики и Новой Зеландии[2].

Для жуков этого семейства характерны следующие признаки:

  • тело удлинённое, параллельностороннее, уплощённое и полуцилиндрическое[2];
  • у обоих полов все лапки пятичлениковые (формула лапок — 5-5-5)[1];
  • голова и переднеспинка с системой линий и бороздок[1];
  • на надкрыльях имеются чешуйки и остатки от чешуек[1];
  • жилкование задних крыльев хорошо развито[1].

Для личинок этого семейства характерны следующие признаки:

Личинки являются эктопаразитами насекомых, проживающих в древесине, главным образом усачей (Cerambycidae)[1].

Примечания

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Family Passandridae — Parasitic Flat Bark Beetles (англ.). Bugguide.net is hosted by Iowa State University Entomology.. Проверено 20 июля 2011. Архивировано 12 апреля 2012 года.
  2. 1 2 Park, Jong-Seok, Yang, Kwang-Mo & Ahn, Kee-Jeong. First Record of the Family Passandridae in Korea (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea) (англ.) // Entomological Research. — Korea: Department of Biology, 2005. — Vol. 35, no. 3. — P. 173—175. Архивировано 26 июня 2010 года.
  3. 1 2 Thomas M. C. Generic Key to the Known Larvae of the Cucujidae, Passandridae, and Silvanidae of America North of Mexico (Coleoptera) (англ.) // Insecta Mundi. — Gainesville, Florida: Center for Systematic Entomology, 1988. — Vol. II, no. 2. — P. 81—89.
license
cc-by-sa-3.0
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Авторы и редакторы Википедии

Passandridae: Brief Summary ( Russian )

provided by wikipedia русскую Википедию

Passandridae (лат.) — семейство насекомых из подотряда разноядных жуков. Известно 9 родов и ~100 видов, распространённых повсеместно, за исключением западной Палеарктики и Новой Зеландии.

Для жуков этого семейства характерны следующие признаки:

тело удлинённое, параллельностороннее, уплощённое и полуцилиндрическое; у обоих полов все лапки пятичлениковые (формула лапок — 5-5-5); голова и переднеспинка с системой линий и бороздок; на надкрыльях имеются чешуйки и остатки от чешуек; жилкование задних крыльев хорошо развито.

Для личинок этого семейства характерны следующие признаки:

тело физогастрическое; ротовые органы, усики и ноги редуцированы.

Личинки являются эктопаразитами насекомых, проживающих в древесине, главным образом усачей (Cerambycidae).

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
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Авторы и редакторы Википедии