Poospiza is a genus of finch-like tanagers found in both the South American lowlands and the Andes mountains. Generally they are arboreal feeders in light woodland and scrub. All have extensive grey to their plumage, and have—often bold—white or rufous markings.
Despite many similarities in plumage the genus—as traditionally defined—appears to consist of four groups each of which are paraphyletic with representatives of six other tanager genera all forming a well-supported clade. Lougheed studied twelve of the seventeen species and consistently recovered the following four groups:
- 1. P. hypochondria and P. caesar
- 2. P. torquata, P. melanoleuca, P. alticola, and P. erythrophrys
- 3. P. baeri and P. garleppi.
- 4. P. ornata and P. boliviana
- Bay-chested warbling finch, Poospiza thoracica
- Bolivian warbling finch, Poospiza boliviana
- Plain-tailed warbling finch, Poospiza alticola
- Rufous-sided warbling finch, Poospiza hypocondria
- Cinnamon warbling finch, Poospiza ornata
- Rusty-browed warbling finch, Poospiza erythrophrys
- Black-and-rufous warbling finch, Poospiza nigrorufa
- Buff-throated warbling finch, Poospiza lateralis
- Gray-throated warbling finch, Poospiza cabanisi
- Rufous-breasted warbling finch, Poospiza rubecula
- Chestnut-breasted mountain finch, Poospiza caesar
- Collared warbling finch, Poospiza hispaniolensis
- Ringed warbling finch, Poospiza torquata
- Black-capped warbling finch, Poospiza melanoleuca
- Cinereous warbling finch, Poospiza cinerea
- Assis, C. P., M. A. Raposo & R. Parrini. 2007. Validação de Poospiza cabanisi Bonaparte, 1850 (Passeriformes: Emberizidae). Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 15(1): 103-102.
- Klicka, J., K. Burns, & G. M. Spellman. 2007. Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: A molecular perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 1014-1032
- Lougheed, S. C., J. R. Freeland, P. Handford, & I. T. Boag. 2000. A molecular phylogeny of warbling-finches (Poospiza): paraphyly in a Neotropical emberizid genus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17: 367-378.
- Nores, M. 2008. Resurgir el Género Compsospiza. South American Classification Committee. Accessed 27-04-2009.
- Ridgely, R. S., & G. Tudor. 1989. The Birds of South America, vol. 1. Univ. Texas Press, Austin.
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