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2000 California Academy of Sciences   cc-by-nc-sa-3.0

Bison bison (American Bison) is a species of mammals in the family Bovidae. This species is extinct. They are listed as near threatened by IUCN and as of special concern by COSEWIC. They are native to United States and The Nearctic. They are diurnal herbivores. Individuals were known to live for 396 months and could grow to 2849.24 mm. Reproduction was viviparous. They have parental care (female provides care). They rely on running to move around.

  • URI: http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
  • Definition: A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A \r\ntaxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, \r\nat appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed \r\nto record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s \r\nlife cycle and life form.
  • Attribution: http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
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EOL has data for 69 attributes, including:

Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of American bison. View this species on GBIF