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Stillingia
provided by wikipedia EN

Stillingia is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae, first described for modern science as a genus in 1767.[2] The genus is native to Latin America, the southern United States, and various islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.[1][3][4][5][6] Toothleaf is a common name for plants in this genus.[7]

Medical use

Stillingia sylvatica was used by Native Americans for syphilis and as a cathartic, diuretic, laxative, and emetic.[8] In large doses, it causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Species[1]
  1. Stillingia acutifolia - Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
  2. Stillingia aquatica - Georgia, Florida, Alabama, S Carolina
  3. Stillingia argutedentata - Minas Gerais
  4. Stillingia bicarpellaris - San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Coahuila
  5. Stillingia bodenbenderi - São Paulo, Córdoba
  6. Stillingia dichotoma - Bahia, Rio de Janeiro
  7. Stillingia diphtherina - S Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras
  8. Stillingia dusenii - Paraná
  9. Stillingia linearifolia - SW USA, N + S Baja California, Sonora, Guadalupe I
  10. Stillingia lineata - Réunion, Mauritius, Philippines, Maluku, Lesser Sunda Is, Fiji
  11. Stillingia oppositifolia - Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais
  12. Stillingia parvifolia - Peru
  13. Stillingia paucidentata - S California, SW Arizona
  14. Stillingia peruviana - Huancavelica
  15. Stillingia pietatis - Michoacán
  16. Stillingia querceticola - Nayarit
  17. Stillingia salpingadenia - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina
  18. Stillingia sanguinolenta - C + S Mexico, Honduras
  19. Stillingia saxatilis - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  20. Stillingia scutellifera - Paraguay, Misiones
  21. Stillingia spinulosa - SW USA, Baja California, Sonora
  22. Stillingia sylvatica - SE + SC USA
  23. Stillingia tenella - Bolivia, Jujuy
  24. Stillingia terminalis - Madagascar
  25. Stillingia texana - Texas, Oklahoma, Coahuila
  26. Stillingia trapezoidea - Piauí
  27. Stillingia treculiana - Texas, Nuevo León, Coahuila
  28. Stillingia uleana - Bahia, Minas Gerais
  29. Stillingia zelayensis - C + S Mexico, Central America
formerly included[1]

moved to other genera (Actinostemon Adenopeltis Anomostachys Balakata Bonania Ditrysinia Excoecaria Grimmeodendron Gymnanthes Homalanthus Maprounea Microstachys Neoshirakia Sapium Sclerocroton Sebastiania Shirakiopsis Spegazziniophytum Spirostachys Triadica )

  1. S. africana - Spirostachys africana
  2. S. agallocha - Excoecaria agallocha
  3. S. appendiculata - Sebastiania appendiculata
  4. S. arborescens - Sebastiania granatensis
  5. S. asperococca - Microstachys chamaelea
  6. S. aucuparia - Sapium glandulosum
  7. S. baccata - Balakata baccata
  8. S. bahiensis - Sebastiania bahiensis
  9. S. bidentata - Microstachys bidentata
  10. S. biglandulosa - Sapium glandulosum
  11. S. bingyrica Baill. - Shirakiopsis indica
  12. S. brasiliensis - Sebastiania brasiliensis
  13. S. brevifolia - Sebastiania brevifolia
  14. S. campestris - Microstachys corniculata
  15. S. chamaelea - Microstachys chamaelea
  16. S. cochinchinensis - Triadica cochinchinensis
  17. S. commersoniana - Sebastiania klotzschiana
  18. S. concolor - Actinostemon concolor
  19. S. coriacea - Microstachys marginata
  20. S. corniculata - Microstachys corniculata
  21. S. cremostachys - Sebastiania klotzschiana
  22. S. crotonoides - Microstachys hispida
  23. S. cruenta - Sebastiania cruenta
  24. S. cubana - Bonania cubana
  25. S. daphniphylla - Sebastiania daphniphylla
  26. S. desertorum - Sebastiania brasiliensis
  27. S. discolor Champ. ex Benth. 1854 - Triadica cochinchinensis
  28. S. discolor (Spreng.) Baill. 1865 - Gymnanthes discolor
  29. S. diversifolia - Shirakiopsis indica
  30. S. dracunculoides - Sapium glandulosum
  31. S. eglandulosa - Grimmeodendron eglandulosum
  32. S. elliptica - Shirakiopsis elliptica
  33. S. frutescens - Ditrysinia fruticosa
  34. S. fruticosa - Ditrysinia fruticosa
  35. S. gaudichaudii - Gymnanthes gaudichaudii
  36. S. glabrata - Gymnanthes glabrata
  37. S. glandulosa - Adenopeltis serrata
  38. S. goudotiana - Excoecaria goudotiana
  39. S. guianensis - Maprounea guianensis
  40. S. guineensis - Excoecaria guineensis
  41. S. haematantha - Sapium glandulosum
  42. S. hastata - Microstachys ditassoides
  43. S. heterodoxa - Microstachys heterodoxa
  44. S. hilariana - Maprounea guianensis
  45. S. himalayensis - Excoecaria acerifolia
  46. S. hippomane - Sapium glandulosum
  47. S. hypoleuca - Gymnanthes hypoleuca
  48. S. indica - Shirakiopsis indica
  49. S. integerrima - Sclerocroton integerrimus
  50. S. jacobinensis - Sebastiania jacobinensis
  51. S. japonica - Neoshirakia japonica
  52. S. lanceolaria - Triadica cochinchinensis
  53. S. lastellei - Anomostachys lastellei
  54. S. laureola - Sebastiania laureola
  55. S. laurifolia - Sapium laurifolium
  56. S. laurocerasus - Sapium laurocerasum
  57. S. ligustrina - Ditrysinia fruticosa
  58. S. luschnathiana - Gymnanthes glabrata
  59. S. madagascariensis - Excoecaria madagascariensis
  60. S. marginata - Sapium glandulosum
  61. S. melanosticta - Sclerocroton melanostictus
  62. S. multiramea - Gymnanthes glabrata
  63. S. myrtilloides - Microstachys daphnoides
  64. S. nervosa - Gymnanthes nervosa
  65. S. nutans - Homalanthus nutans
  66. S. obovata - Sapium obovatum
  67. S. pachystachya - Sebastiania pachystachya
  68. S. paniculata - Balakata baccata
  69. S. patagonica - Spegazziniophytum patagonicum
  70. S. phyllanthiformis - Sebastiania schottiana
  71. S. populnea - Homalanthus populneus
  72. S. prostrata - Microstachys corniculata
  73. S. prunifolia - Sapium glandulosum
  74. S. pteroclada - Sebastiania pteroclada
  75. S. ramosissima - Sebastiania brasiliensis
  76. S. rigida - Sebastiania rigida
  77. S. salicifolia Klotzsch ex Baill. 1865 not (Torr.) Raf. 1832 nor Small 1903 - Sapium haematospermum
  78. S. schottiana - Sebastiania schottiana
  79. S. sebifera - Triadica sebifera
  80. S. sellowiana - Microstachys corniculata
  81. S. serrata - Sebastiania serrata
  82. S. serrulata - Microstachys serrulata
  83. S. sinensis - Triadica sebifera
  84. S. stipulacea - Microstachys stipulacea
  85. S. thouarsiana - Excoecaria thouarsiana
  86. S. trinervia - Sebastiania trinervia
  87. S. velutina - Microstachys corniculata
  88. S. virgata - Microstachys bidentata
  89. S. weddelliana - Sebastiania weddelliana
  90. S. widgrenii - Gymnanthes widgrenii
  91. S. ypanemensis - Sebastiania ypanemensis

References

  1. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Tropicos, Stillingia Garden ex L.
  3. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  5. ^ Webster, G. L. & M.J. Huft. 1988. Revised synopsis of Panamanian Euphorbiaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 75(3): 1087–1144
  6. ^ Martínez Gordillo, M., J. J. Ramírez, R. C. Durán, E. J. Arriaga, R. García, A. Cervantes & R. M. Hernández. 2002. Los géneros de la familia Euphorbiaceae en México. Anales del Instituto de Biología de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Botánica 73(2): 155–281
  7. ^ "Stillingia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 3 December 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  8. ^ Native American Ethnobotany
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Stillingia: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Stillingia is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae, first described for modern science as a genus in 1767. The genus is native to Latin America, the southern United States, and various islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Toothleaf is a common name for plants in this genus.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN
ID
3adf9ceb993c0fcdc484ac0078fe7d7f