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Lagenandra
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Lagenandra is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family.[2] It is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent (Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and India).[3][4] The genus is similar to Cryptocoryne, but can be distinguished from it by its involute vernation. Cryptocoryne on the other hand exhibit convolute vernation.[5]

Description

Helophytes, rarely rheophytes, with thick creeping rhizome; leaf blade simple, ovate to almost linear, fine venation transverse-reticulate; spathe tube with connate margins; spadix entirely enclosed in spathe tube; flowers unisexual, perigone absent. Differs from Cryptocoryne in having female flowers spirally arranged (pseudo-whorl in Lagenandra nairii, whorled in Lagenandra gomezii) and free; spathe tube "kettle" with connate margins (containing spadix) occupying entire spathe tube; spathe blade usually opening only slightly by a straight or twisted slit; berries free, opening from base; leaf ptyxis involute.[6]

Species

Accepted species are as follows.[3] A key to the species described before 1986 was provided by Crusio and de Graaf.[7]

  1. Lagenandra bogneri de Wit - Sri Lanka
  2. Lagenandra dewitii Crusio & de Graaf - Sri Lanka
  3. Lagenandra erosa de Wit - Sri Lanka
  4. Lagenandra gomezii (Schott) Bogner & Jacobsen - Bangladesh
  5. Lagenandra jacobseni de Wit - Sri Lanka
  6. Lagenandra keralensis Sivadasan & Jaleel - Kerala
  7. Lagenandra koenigii (Schott) Thwaites - Sri Lanka
  8. Lagenandra lancifolia (Schott) Thwaites - Sri Lanka
  9. Lagenandra meeboldii (Engler) C.E.C. Fischer - southwestern India
  10. Lagenandra nairii Ramamurthy & Rajan - southwestern India
  11. Lagenandra ovata (L.) Thwaites - southwestern India, Sri Lanka
  12. Lagenandra praetermissa de Wit & Nicolson - Sri Lanka
  13. Lagenandra thwaitesii Engler - Sri Lanka
  14. Lagenandra toxicaria Dalzell - southwestern India
  15. Lagenandra undulata Sastry - Assam

References

  1. ^ Pohl in Das Pflanzenreich of Engler - "Das Pflanzenreich" Vol. 73-74 (1920)
  2. ^ de Wit, H.C.D. (1978). "Revisie van het genus Lagenandra Dalzell (Araceae)". Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen. 78 (13): 1–45..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Bastmeijer, Jan D. "Lagenandra gallery". Retrieved 2009-01-09.
  5. ^ Bown, Demi. Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-485-7.
  6. ^ Simon J. Mayo, Josef Bogner, Peter C. Boyce: The Genera of Araceae. 1. published, Royal Botanic Gardens/ Kew Publishing, London 1997, ISBN 1-900347-22-9 (Full-text as PDF-file; Continental Printing, Belgium 1997).
  7. ^ Crusio W.E. and de Graaf A. (1986). "Lagenandra dewitii Crusio et de Graaf (Araceae), eine neue Art aus Sri Lanka". Aqua Planta. 11: 56–59.
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Lagenandra: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Lagenandra is a genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family. It is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent (Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and India). The genus is similar to Cryptocoryne, but can be distinguished from it by its involute vernation. Cryptocoryne on the other hand exhibit convolute vernation.

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