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Panonychus ulmi
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Panonychus ulmi, the European red mite, is a species of mite which is a major agricultural pest of fruit trees.[1] It has a high reproductive rate, a short generation time (21 days at 20 °C or 68 °F) and produces many broods in a year, all of which contribute to its pest status.[1] It has a cosmopolitan distribution, and a very wide host range, having been found on the following plants:[2]

P. ulmi was first described by Carl Ludwig Koch in 1836, under the name Tetranychus ulmi. It has also been known under a number of synonyms:[2]

  • Tetranychus ulmi Koch, 1836
  • Oligonychus ulmi : Hirst,1920
  • Metatetranychus ulmi : Oudemans, 1931
  • Paratetranychus ulmi : André, 1937
  • Panonychus ulmi : Ehara, 1956
  • Tetranychus pilosus Canestrini & Fanzago, 1876
  • Paratetranychus pilosus : Zacher, 1913
  • Metatetranychus pilosus : Oudemans, 1931
  • Paratetranychus pilosus alboguttatus Zacher, 1913
  • Tetranychus alboguttatus Zacher, 1913
  • Metetetranychus alboguttatus : Oudemans, 1931
  • Paratetranychus pilosus occidentalis McGregor & Newcomer, 1928
  • Oligonychus alni Oudemans, 1929
  • Metatetranychus alni : Oudemans, 1931
  • Oligonychus muscorum Oudemans, 1929
  • Metatetranychus muscorum : Oudemans, 1931
  • Oligonychus potentillae Oudemans, 1929
  • Metatetranychus potentillae : Oudemans, 1931
  • Metatetranychus mali Oudemans, 1931
  • Metatetranychus canestrinii Oudemans, 1939

References

  1. ^ a b J. M. Hardman & H. M. A. Thistlewood (2002). "Panonychus ulmi (Koch), European Red Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae)". In Peter G. Mason & John Theodore Huber. Biological control programmes in Canada, 1981-2000. CAB International. pp. 213–216. ISBN 978-0-85199-527-4..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ a b H. R. Bolland, Jean Gutierrez & Carlos H. W. Flechtmann (1998). "796 Panonychus ulmi (Koch, 1836)". World catalogue of the spider mite family (Acari: Tetranychidae). Brill Publishers. pp. 140 143. ISBN 978-90-04-11087-8.


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Panonychus ulmi: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Panonychus ulmi, the European red mite, is a species of mite which is a major agricultural pest of fruit trees. It has a high reproductive rate, a short generation time (21 days at 20 °C or 68 °F) and produces many broods in a year, all of which contribute to its pest status. It has a cosmopolitan distribution, and a very wide host range, having been found on the following plants:

Acacia longifolia Aesculus hippocastanum Alnus glutinosa Alnus incana Amaranthus Amelanchier Artocarpus heterophyllus Atropa belladonna Avena sativa Betula pubescens Betula verrucosa Calystegia sepium Camellia sinensis Castanea sativa Chenopodium Citrus aurantiifolia Citrus aurantium Citrus grandis Convolvulus arvensis Corylus avellana Cotoneaster tomentosus Crataegus monogyna Crataegus succulenta Cucumis Cucurbita maxima Cucurbita pepo Cydonia oblonga Dalbergia sissoo Daucus carota Desmodium canescens Diospyros Eriobotrya japonica Fagus sylvatica Ficus carica Fragaria vesca Frangula alnus Fraxinus excelsior Gardenia jasminoides Hibiscus Hydrangea macrophylla Juglans regia Juncus maritimus Laburnum alpinum Lonicera japonica Malus domestica Malva Medicago sativa Morus nigra Myrica pensylvanica Petroselinum crispum Phaseolus Phlox Polygonum aviculare Populus tremula Potentilla fruticosa Prunus americana Prunus armeniaca Prunus avium Prunus cerasus Prunus chinensis Prunus divaricata Prunus domestica Prunus dulcis Prunus institia Prunus padus Prunus persica Prunus spinosa Pyracantha Pyrus baccata Pyrus communis Pyrus pyrifolia Pyrus sargentii Quercus Rhamnus frangula Ribes aureum Ribes sanguineum Robinia pseudoacacia Rosa canina Rosa multiflora Rosa palustris Rubus idaeus Rubus occidentalis Rumex obtusifolius Salix alba Salix caprea Sapindus saponaria Sasa kurilensis Sophora japonica Sorbus aria Sorbus aucuparia Sorbus chrysophylla Sorbus conradina Sorbus fennica Sorbus hostii Sorbus scandica Sorghum halepense Symphoricarpos foetidus Syzygium Tilia cordata Trifolium pratense Triticum aestivum Ulmus americana Ulmus campestris Ulmus glabra Ulmus hollandica Ulmus procera Ulmus rubra Ulmus scabra Vicia sativa Vitis labrusca Vitis vinifera Wisteria sinensis Zea mays

P. ulmi was first described by Carl Ludwig Koch in 1836, under the name Tetranychus ulmi. It has also been known under a number of synonyms:

Tetranychus ulmi Koch, 1836 Oligonychus ulmi : Hirst,1920 Metatetranychus ulmi : Oudemans, 1931 Paratetranychus ulmi : André, 1937 Panonychus ulmi : Ehara, 1956 Tetranychus pilosus Canestrini & Fanzago, 1876 Paratetranychus pilosus : Zacher, 1913 Metatetranychus pilosus : Oudemans, 1931 Paratetranychus pilosus alboguttatus Zacher, 1913 Tetranychus alboguttatus Zacher, 1913 Metetetranychus alboguttatus : Oudemans, 1931 Paratetranychus pilosus occidentalis McGregor & Newcomer, 1928 Oligonychus alni Oudemans, 1929 Metatetranychus alni : Oudemans, 1931 Oligonychus muscorum Oudemans, 1929 Metatetranychus muscorum : Oudemans, 1931 Oligonychus potentillae Oudemans, 1929 Metatetranychus potentillae : Oudemans, 1931 Metatetranychus mali Oudemans, 1931 Metatetranychus canestrinii Oudemans, 1939
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