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Paris (plant)

provided by wikipedia EN

Paris is a genus of flowering plants described by Linnaeus in 1753.[2][3] It is widespread across Europe and Asia, with a center of diversity in China.[1][4][5][6]

It consists of less than two dozen herbaceous plants: the best known species is Paris quadrifolia. Some Paris species are used in traditional Chinese medicine for their analgesic and anticoagulant properties, most notably as an ingredient of Yunnan Baiyao. Intense ethnopharmaceutical interest has significantly reduced their numbers.[7]

These plants are closely related to Trillium, with the distinction traditionally being that Trillium contains species which have trimerous (three-petaled) flowers, and Paris contains species which have 4- to 11-merous flowers.[8] A recent analysis places the genera Daiswa and Kinugasa in Paris, though the actual circumscription of the genus is debated.[9]

Etymology

From Latin herba Paris (Herba Paris), Paris herba, from Latin herba and Latin par (“equal”), in reference to the regularity of its leaves, petals, etc. It is neither related to the city Paris nor the Paris of Greek mythology.

Species

The genus consists of the following species:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 367
  3. ^ Tropicos, Paris L.
  4. ^ Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Uva di volpe, Paris quadrifolia L. includes photos plus European distribution map
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 88 重楼属 chong lou shu Paris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 367. 1753.
  7. ^ Chun-Lin Long; Heng Li; Zhiqin Ouyang; Xiangyun Yang; Qin Li & Bruce Trangmar (2002). "Strategies for agrobiodiversity conservation and promotion: a case from Yunnan, China". Biodiversity and Conservation. 11: 1146–1154. doi:10.1023/a:1023085922265.
  8. ^ Susan B. Farmer & Edward E. Schilling (2002). "Phylogenetic analyses of Trilliaceae based on morphological and molecular data". Systematic Botany. 27 (4): 674–692. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-27.4.674.
  9. ^ Yunheng Ji; Peter W. Fritsch; Heng Li; Tiaojiang Xiao & Zhekun Zhou (2006). "Phylogeny and classification of Paris (Melanthiaceae) inferred from DNA sequence data". Annals of Botany. 98 (1): 245–256. doi:10.1093/aob/mcl095. PMC 2803534. PMID 16704998.
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Paris (plant): Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Paris is a genus of flowering plants described by Linnaeus in 1753. It is widespread across Europe and Asia, with a center of diversity in China.

It consists of less than two dozen herbaceous plants: the best known species is Paris quadrifolia. Some Paris species are used in traditional Chinese medicine for their analgesic and anticoagulant properties, most notably as an ingredient of Yunnan Baiyao. Intense ethnopharmaceutical interest has significantly reduced their numbers.

These plants are closely related to Trillium, with the distinction traditionally being that Trillium contains species which have trimerous (three-petaled) flowers, and Paris contains species which have 4- to 11-merous flowers. A recent analysis places the genera Daiswa and Kinugasa in Paris, though the actual circumscription of the genus is debated.

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Paris (genre)

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Paris est un genre de plantes herbacées de la famille des Liliaceae selon la classification classique, ou de celle des Melanthiaceae selon la classification phylogénétique.

Liste d'espèces

Biologie

Paris japonica a le génome le plus vaste décrit : il comporte près de 150 milliards de paires de bases, soit près de 50 fois la taille du génome humain[1]

Notes et références

  1. Pellicer J, Fay M, Leitch IJ, The largest eukaryotic genome of them all?, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2010;164:10–15

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Paris (genre): Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

Paris est un genre de plantes herbacées de la famille des Liliaceae selon la classification classique, ou de celle des Melanthiaceae selon la classification phylogénétique.

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삿갓나물속

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

삿갓나물속(----屬, 학명: Paris 파리스[*])은 여로과이다. 20여 초본식물로 이루어져 있으며, 연영초속과 가까운 관계에 있다.[1] 아시아유럽에 널리 분포하며, 한국에서는 삿갓나물네잎삿갓나물 두 종이 자생한다.

하위 종

  • 네잎삿갓나물 P. tetraphylla A.Gray
    • P. tetraphylla var. penduliflora J.Murata & T.Yamanaka
  • 삿갓나물 P. verticillata M.Bieb.
  • 히말라야삿갓나물 P. polyphylla Sm.
    • P. polyphylla var. alba H.Li & R.J.Mitchell
    • P. polyphylla var. chinensis (Franch.) H.Hara
    • P. polyphylla var. latifolia F.T.Wang & C.Yu Chang
    • P. polyphylla var. stenophylla Franch.
    • P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.
  • P. axialis H.Li
  • P. bashanensis F.T.Wang & Tang
  • P. caobangensis Y.H.Ji, H.Li & Z.K.Zhou
  • P. cronquistii (Takht.) H.Li
    • P. cronquistii var. xichouensis H.Li
  • P. daliensis H.Li & V.G.Soukup
  • P. delavayi Franch.
  • P. dulongensis H.Li & Kurita
  • P. dunniana H.Lév.
  • P. fargesii Franch.
    • P. fargesii var. petiolata (Baker ex C.H.Wright) F.T.Wang & Tang
  • P. forrestii (Takht.) H.Li
  • P. guizhouensis S.Z.He
  • P. incompleta M.Bieb.
  • P. japonica (Franch. & Sav.) Franch.
  • P. luquanensis H.Li
  • P. mairei H.Lév.
  • P. marmorata Stearn
  • P. polyandra S.F.Wang
  • P. quadrifolia L.
  • P. rugosa H.Li & Kurita
  • P. stigmatosa Shu D.Zhang
  • P. thibetica Franch.
    • P. thibetica var. apetala Hand.-Mazz.
  • P. undulata H.Li & V.G.Soukup
  • P. vaniotii H.Lév.
  • P. vietnamensis (Takht.) H.Li

각주

  1. Susan B. Farmer & Edward E. Schilling (2002). “Phylogenetic analyses of Trilliaceae based on morphological and molecular data”. 《Systematic Botany》 27 (4): 674–692. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-27.4.674.
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