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Ropalidia
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Ropalidia is a large genus of eusocial paper wasps in the tribe Ropalidiini distributed throughout the Afrotropical, Indomalayan and Australasian biogeographical regions. The genus Ropalidia is unique because it contains both independent and swarm-founding species.[1] Ropalidia romandi is one of the swarm founding species, meaning that new nests are founded by a large group of workers with a smaller number of inseminated females (egg-laying queens),[2] while Ropalidia revolutionalis is independent-founding, meaning that each nest is founded by a single queen.[3]

Ropalidia contains the following species:

References

  1. ^ Yamane, Soichi; Ito, Yosiaki (1994). "Nest Architecture of the Australian Paper Wasp Ropalidia Romandi Cabeti , With a Note on its Developmental Process (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". Psyche. 101 (3–4): 145–158. doi:10.1155/1994/92839..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Hunt, James H. (2007). The Evolution of Social Wasps. Oxford University Press. pp. 57–60.
  3. ^ Yosiaki, Itô (1987). "Social behaviour of the australian paper wasp,Ropalidia revolutionalis (de Saussure) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". Journal of Ethology. 5: 115–124. doi:10.1007/bf02349943.
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Ropalidia: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Ropalidia is a large genus of eusocial paper wasps in the tribe Ropalidiini distributed throughout the Afrotropical, Indomalayan and Australasian biogeographical regions. The genus Ropalidia is unique because it contains both independent and swarm-founding species. Ropalidia romandi is one of the swarm founding species, meaning that new nests are founded by a large group of workers with a smaller number of inseminated females (egg-laying queens), while Ropalidia revolutionalis is independent-founding, meaning that each nest is founded by a single queen.

Ropalidia contains the following species:

Ropalidia aethiopica (Buysson, 1906) Ropalidia albobalteata (Cameron 1906) Ropalidia anarchia (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia andamanensis Das & Gupta, 1989 Ropalidia antennata (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia aristocratica (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia artifex (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia atra (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia australis (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia bambusae Richards, 1978 Ropalidia bensoni Richards, 1978 Ropalidia bicincta (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia bicolor (Smith, 1865) Ropalidia bicolorata Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia bidens Vecht, 1996 Ropalidia binghami Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia bipartita Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia bispinosa (Meade-Waldo) Ropalidia brazzai (Buysson 1906) Ropalidia brevita Das & Gupta, 1989 Ropalidia brunnea (Smith 1859) Ropalidia canaria Cheesm., 1952 Ropalidia capensis (Saussure, 1862) Ropalidia carinata (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia catharinae (Cameron, 1913) Ropalidia celebensis Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia cincta (Lepeletier, 1836) Ropalidia clavata (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia clypeata Kojima 1996 Ropalidia colorata Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia conservator (Smith, 1860) Ropalidia conspicua Smith, 1863 Ropalidia constitutionalis (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia copiaria (Saussure, 1862) Ropalidia crassa Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia crassipunctata Giordani Soika, 1981 Ropalidia cristata Kojima, 1989 Ropalidia curvilineata (Cameron 1908) Ropalidia cyathiformis (Fabricius, 1804) Ropalidia darwini Richards, 1978 Ropalidia deceptor (Smith, 1863) Ropalidia decorata (Smith 1858) Ropalidia deminutiva Cheesm., 1952 Ropalidia democratica (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia dichroma Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia dispila (Cameron 1913) Ropalidia distigma (Gerst., 1857) Ropalidia dubia (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia ducalis (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia duchaussoyi (Gribodo, 1896) Ropalidia eboraca Richards, 1978 Ropalidia elegantula Richards, 1978 Ropalidia erythrospila (Cameron, 1908) Ropalidia eurostoma Richards 1978 Ropalidia excavata Giordani Soika, 1977 Ropalidia extrema Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia fasciata (Fabricius 1804) Ropalidia festina (Smith, 1864) Ropalidia flavobrunnea Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia flavopicta (Smith, 1857) Ropalidia fluviatilis (Meade-Waldo, 1912) Ropalidia formosa (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia fraterna (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia fulvopruinosa (Cameron, 1906) Ropalidia galimatia (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia gemmea Cheesm., 1952 Ropalidia gracilenta Richards, 1978 Ropalidia gracilis (Smith, 1859) Ropalidia grandidieri (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia granulata Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia gregaria (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia guttatipennis (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia hirsuta Richards 1978 Ropalidia hongkongensis (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia horni Sonan, 1938 Ropalidia impetuosa (Smith, 1861) Ropalidia incurva Cheesm., 1952 Ropalidia inquieta Cheesm., 1952 Ropalidia interjecta (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia interrupta Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia irrequieta (Kohl, 1906) Ropalidia irritata (Smith, 1864) Ropalidia jacobsoni (Buysson, 1908) Ropalidia jaculator (Smith 1871) Ropalidia javanica Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia kurandae Richards, 1978 Ropalidia latebalteata (Cameron, 1902) Ropalidia latetergum Richards, 1978 Ropalidia laticincta Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia lefebvrei Guill., 1841 Ropalidia leopoldi Bequard, 1932 Ropalidia lepida Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia longipetiolata (Cameron, 1911) Ropalidia loriana (Buysson, 1910) Ropalidia lugubris (Smith, 1858) Ropalidia luzonensis Kojima, 1996 Ropalidia mackayensis Richards, 1978 Ropalidia maculata (Rad., 1881) Ropalidia maculiventris Guerin, 1831 Ropalidia magnanima Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia malaisei Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia malayana (Cameron 1903) Ropalidia marginata (Lepeletier, 1836) Ropalidia mathematica (Smith, 1861) Ropalidia melania Richards, 1978 Ropalidia mimikae (Meade-Waldo, 1912) Ropalidia minor Saussure, 1900 Ropalidia modesta (Smith, 1858) Ropalidia montana Carl 1934 Ropalidia mutabilis Richards, 1978 Ropalidia myosolica (Dalla Torre) Ropalidia nigerrima Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia nigra (Smith 1859) Ropalidia nigrescens Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia nigrior Richards, 1978 Ropalidia nigrita Das & Gupta, 1989 Ropalidia nigrofemorata (Cameron, 1910) Ropalidia nilssoni Giordani Soika, 1991 Ropalidia nitidula (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia nobilis (Gerst., 1857) Ropalidia novaeguinaea (Schulthess, 1913) Ropalidia novissima Giordani Soika, 1944 Ropalidia nursei Vecht, 1941 Ropalidia obscura Gusenleitner, 1966 Ropalidia obscurior Giordani Soika, 1991 Ropalidia ochracea Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia opifex Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia opulenta (Smith, 1857) Ropalidia ornaticeps (Cameron, 1900) Ropalidia palawana Kojima, 1985 Ropalidia papuana (Cameron) Ropalidia pendula (Smith, 1857) Ropalidia petulans Cheesm., 1952 Ropalidia phalansterica (Saussure, 1853) Ropalidia philippinensis (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia pilosa (Smith, 1859) Ropalidia plebeja (Saussure 1862) Ropalidia plebeiana Richards, 1978 Ropalidia politica (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia prasina (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia principalis Kojima, 2001 Ropalidia proletaria Richards 1978 Ropalidia pseudomalayana Kojima, 1996 Ropalidia pulchella (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia ranavali (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia reactionalis (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia regina (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia revolutionalis (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia romandi (Guill., 1841) Ropalidia rufocollaris (Cameron, 1900) Ropalidia rufoplagiata (Cameron 1905) Ropalidia sakalava (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia santoshae Das & Gupta, 1989 Ropalidia saussurei Kojima, 1998 Ropalidia schulthessi (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia scitula (Bingham, 1897) Ropalidia scottiana (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia sculpturata Gusenleitner, 2001 Ropalidia semihyalineata (Meade-Waldo, 1912) Ropalidia sericea Cameron, 1905 Ropalidia sexmaculata (Cameron) Ropalidia shestakowi Schulthess, 1931 Ropalidia socialis (Saussure, 1862) Ropalidia socialistica (Saussure, 1854) Ropalidia spatulata Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia spilostoma (Cameron, 1906) Ropalidia stigma (Smith, 1858)}} Ropalidia subclavata (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia sumatrae (Weber, 1801) Ropalidia taiwana Sonan 1935 Ropalidia thailandia Gusenleitner 1994 Ropalidia timida Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia tomentosa (Gerst., 1857) Ropalidia trichophthalma Richards, 1978 Ropalidia trimaculata Vecht, 1962 Ropalidia turneri Richards, 1978 Ropalidia unicolor (Smith, 1859) Ropalidia unidentata Giordani Soika, 1981 Ropalidia variabilis (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia variegata (Smith, 1852) Ropalidia velutina (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia venustula (Saussure, 1900) Ropalidia vietnama Gusenleitner, 1996 Ropalidia vitripennis (Saussure, 1890) Ropalidia wollastoni (Meade-Waldo, 1912) Ropalidia zonata (Cameron)
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