Definition: A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity
or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is
presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat,
at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed
to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s
life cycle and life form.
Definition: Component found in mineralized skeletal tissue, (a specialized form of biogenic tissue in which the extracellular matrix is mineralized, and which functions in mechanical and structural support.)
Definition: The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
Definition: 1) Producing live offspring from within the body of the parent (Lincoln et al., 1998). 2) Development of an embryo within the body of the parent, in part, resources passing directly from parent to embryo (Barnes et al., 2006).
Definition: The organization of the system of organs involved with sexual reproduction, e.g., hermaphroditism, monoecy, dioecy/gonochory, gynodioecy, androdioecy, gynomonoecy, andromonoecy, polygamodioecy, polygamomonoecy, apomixis, etc.
Definition: position of an organism in a food web. May be described verbally with descriptors including primary producer, herbivore or carnivore. If described numerically, 1 indicates a primary producer, 2 a herbivore, and so on up the food web.