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Brief Summary

    Pholiota gummosa: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Pholiota gummosa, commonly known as the sticky scalycap, is a common species of mushroom-forming fungus in the family Strophariaceae. It is found in Europe and North America, where it grows as a saprotroph on the rotting wood of deciduous trees, including trunks and roots. It can also grow on wood buried near the surface, making it seem as if it is fruiting in grass.

Comprehensive Description

    Pholiota gummosa
    provided by wikipedia

    Pholiota gummosa, commonly known as the sticky scalycap,[2] is a common species of mushroom-forming fungus in the family Strophariaceae. It is found in Europe and North America, where it grows as a saprotroph on the rotting wood of deciduous trees, including trunks and roots. It can also grow on wood buried near the surface, making it seem as if it is fruiting in grass.[3]

    Taxonomy

    The fungus was originally described by Wilhelm Gottfried Lasch in 1828,[4] as a member of the genus Agaricus. After being shuffled to several different genera in its taxonomic history, it was transferred to Pholiota by Rolf Singer in 1951.[5]

    Description

    The fungus makes fruitbodies with straw-yellow to beige caps measuring 2–6 cm (0.8–2.4 in) in diameter. The crowded gills on the cap underside have an adnate attachment to the stipe. Initially pale yellow, they turn brownish in age as the spores mature. The mushroom makes a brown spore print. Spores are smooth, thin-walled, somewhat bean-shaped (subphaseoliform), and measure 6–8 by 3.5–4.5 µm.[6]

    See also

    References

    1. ^ "GSD Species Synonymy: Pholiota gummosa (Lasch) Singer". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2015-02-03..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ Holden L. "English Names for fungi 2014". British Mycological Society. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
    3. ^ Noordeloos M. (1999). "Pholiota". In Bas C, Kuyper TW, Noordeloos ME, Vellinga EC. Flora Agaricina Neerlandica. 4. Taylor & Francis. p. 89. ISBN 978-90-6191-860-8.
    4. ^ Lasch WG (1828). Enumeratio Agaricorum Marchiae Brandenburgicae, nondum in floris nostratibus nominatorum, cum observationibus in cognitos et novorum descriptionibus. Linnaea (in Latin). 3. p. 405.
    5. ^ Singer R. (1949). The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy. Lilloa. 22 (2nd ed.). Weinheim: Cramer. p. 517.
    6. ^ Pegler DN, Legon NW (2000). "Profiles of fungi: Pholiota gummosa". Field Mycologist. 14 (3): 133–134. doi:10.1016/S0269-915X(00)80092-0.