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Potentilla anserina L.

Brief Summary

    Argentina anserina: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Argentina anserina is a synonym of Potentilla anserina L., the accepted name of a perennial flowering plant in the rose family, Rosaceae. It is known by the common names "silverweed", common silverweed or silver cinquefoil. It is native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, often on river shores and in grassy habitats such as meadows and road-sides. The plant was originally placed in the genus Potentilla by Carl Linnaeus in his Species plantarum, edition 1, (1753) but was reclassified into the resurrected genus Argentina by research conducted in the 1990s. It is a species aggregate which has frequently been divided into multiple species. The reclassification remains controversial and is not accepted by some authorities.

Comprehensive Description

    Argentina anserina
    provided by wikipedia

    Argentina anserina is a synonym of Potentilla anserina L., the accepted name[1] of a perennial flowering plant in the rose family, Rosaceae. It is known by the common names "silverweed", common silverweed or silver cinquefoil. It is native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, often on river shores and in grassy habitats such as meadows and road-sides. The plant was originally placed in the genus Potentilla by Carl Linnaeus in his Species plantarum, edition 1, (1753) but was reclassified into the resurrected genus Argentina by research conducted in the 1990s.[2] It is a species aggregate which has frequently been divided into multiple species.[3][4] The reclassification remains controversial and is not accepted by some authorities.[1][5][6]

    Description

     src=
    Silverweed leaves are covered in fine silvery hairs that give the plant its name.

    Silverweed is a low-growing herbaceous plant with creeping red stolons that can be up to 80 cm long. The leaves are 10–20 cm long, evenly pinnate into in crenate leaflets 2–5 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, covered with silky white hairs, particularly on the underside. These hairs are also present on the stem and the stolons. These give the leaves the silvery appearance from which the plant gets its name.

    The flowers are produced singly on 5–15 cm long stems, 1.5-2.5 cm diameter with five (rarely up to seven) yellow petals. The fruit is a cluster of dry achenes.

    Habitat

    Silverweed is most often found in sandy or gravelly soils, where it may spread rapidly by its prolific rooting stolons. It typically occurs in inland habitats, unlike A. egedii, which is a salt-tolerant coastal salt marsh plant.

    Cultivation and uses

    The plant was put in shoes to absorb sweat. It was formerly believed to be useful for epilepsy, and that it could ward off witches and evil spirits.[7]

    The plant has been cultivated as a food crop for its edible roots. The usual wild forms, however, are impractical for this use, as they are small and are hard to clean. It may also become a problem weed in gardens.

    Travelers visiting Tibet reported on the food use of the plant's root in the region. According to Pyotr Kozlov, who traveled in the Kham region in 1900-1901, Tibetans, who did not have any vegetables other than turnips, would often dig out roots of Argentina anserina (whose local name he gave as djüma), which could be easily dried and stored for later use. Kozlov even suggested that it would not be a bad idea for Russian peasants to do likewise, especially in famine years.[8] The mission of Sarat Chandra Das to Tibet in the late nineteenth century reported that the root of the plant, under a Tibetan name variously transcribed as toma, doma or droma, was served cooked in butter and sugar at the New Year's celebrations in the Tibetan capital Lhasa.[9]

    Etymology and folklore

    The pre-Linnaean name anserina means "of the goose" (Anser), either because the plant was used to feed them or because the leaves reminded of the bird's footmarks. In Sweden, the flower is called gåsört (goose-wort)

    A rich folklore has developed around Silverweed. The plant bears the common name of richette in French, being rich through both silver and gold.

    There is a legend that the Christ Child grew up and walked the roads of Palestine; and the yellow flowering plant of the dusty wayside with silvery fern-like leaves that lay flat on the ground has been called the Footsteps of Our Lord.[10]

    Fossil record

    Argentina anserina achenes are rather rare in Pliocene fossil floras of the East Europe but common in the Pleistocene.[11]

    References

     src= Wikimedia Commons has media related to Potentilla anserina.
    1. ^ a b c "The Plant List: Potentilla anserina L." Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2016..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
    2. ^ A key to the Potentilla complex
    3. ^ Arne Rousi (1965). "Biosystematic studies on the species aggregate Potentilla anserina L.". Annales Botanici Fennici. 2 (1): 47–112. JSTOR 23724290.
    4. ^ Koski, M.H.; Ashman, T.-L. (2013). "Quantitative Variation, Heritability, and Trait Correlations for Ultraviolet Floral Traits in Argentina anserina (Rosaceae): Implications for Floral Evolution". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 174 (8): 1109–1120. doi:10.1086/671803.
    5. ^ "Tropicos.org". Retrieved 3 February 2015.
    6. ^ "Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora: Potentilla anserina L." Retrieved 27 May 2016.
    7. ^ Howard, Michael. Traditional Folk Remedies (Century, 1987), p.121
    8. ^ P.K.Kozlov, "Монголия и Кам. Трехлетнее путешествие по Монголии и Тибету (1899--1901 гг.) (Mongolia and Kham. Three years' travel in Mongolia and Tibet (1899-1901). Kozlov gives the plant's Latin name as Potentilla anserina, and transcribes its Tibetan name in Russian as джюма (dzhyuma). (in Russian)
    9. ^ https://archive.org/stream/journeytolhasace00dass/journeytolhasace00dass_djvu.txt
    10. ^ Taylor, Gladys. Saints and their Flowers. London, England: A. R. Mowbray & Co., Oxford,1956.
    11. ^ The Pliocene flora of Kholmech, south-eastern Belarus and it's correlation with other Pliocene floras of Europe by Felix Yu. VELICHKEVICH and Ewa ZASTAWNIAK - Acta Palaeobot. 43(2): 137–259, 2003
    • Lamoureux, G.; et al. (1983). Plante sauvage des villes, desa champs et en bordure des chemins. Fleurbec. ISBN 2-920174-07-X.

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Europe, Asia, Tasmania, New Zealand, America.
    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Asia, Australia (Tasmania), Europe, North America, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), South America (Chile)].

Morphology

    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Herbs perennial, stoloniferous. Roots sometimes with fusiform or ellipsoid tubers. Stems prostrate, creeping, together with petioles appressed or subspreading pilose or glabrescent, rooting at nodes and producing plantlets. Radical leaves 2–20 cm including petiole; auricles of stipules connate from base to rounded apex; leaf blade interrupted pinnate with 5–11 pairs of leaflets; terminal leaflet elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or oblong-elliptic, 1–2.5 × 0.5–1 cm, abaxially densely appressed silvery sericeous, rarely glabrescent, base decurrent in apical pair of leaflets, margin sharply many serrate; cauline leaves: auricles of stipules sheathing at base. Flower solitary, 1.5–2.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2.5–8 cm, pilose. Epicalyx segments elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, margin usually 2- or 3-fid, rarely entire. Petals yellow, obovate, apex rounded. Style lateral. Achenes not seen. Fl. and fr. Jun–Aug. 2n = 28, 42.
    Elevation Range
    provided by eFloras
    3600-4600 m

Diagnostic Description

    Synonym
    provided by eFloras
    Potentilla anserina var. nuda Gaudin; P. anserina var. sericea Hayne; P. anserina var. viridis W. D. J. Koch.

Habitat

    Habitat
    provided by eFloras
    Meadows, grasslands on mountain slopes, river and ditch banks, wet places, roadsides; 500--4100 m.