A member of the Fynbos plant kingdom, Bartholina is also known as the "spider orchid". The common name comes from the array of long, narrow petal lobes s that surround the flower, said to resemble the legs of a spider.
The genus is named after the seventeenth century Danish scientist Thomas Bartholin.
Two species are recognized:
- Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. (syn, Bartholina pectinata) - Cape Province
- Bartholina etheliae Bolus - Namibia and Cape Province