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Selenipedium

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Selenipedium is a genus of the Orchid family (Orchidaceae) (Subfamily Cypripedioideae). The genus has been given its own tribe, Selenipedieae, and subtribe, Selenipediinae.[1][2] It is abbreviated Sel in trade journals.

The name of the genus is derived from the Greek selen, which means "moon", and pedium, which means "slipper" (referring to the pouch).

The seed capsules of these Central and South American lady's slipper orchids were formerly used as vanilla substitutes, but selenipediums are now rarely cultivated. Partly this is because of the difficulty of doing so, but is probably also due to the relatively small size of the Selenipedium's flower. The wild flower's Amazonian habitat is also under threat, so extinction is a risk for all species of Selenipedium.

Accepted species include:[3]

Allied genera include Paphiopedilum, Mexipedium, Cypripedium and Phragmipedium - a genus containing several species formerly known as Selenipedium, such as Selenipedium caricinum (now Phragmipedium caricinum), and Selenipedium laevigatum (now Paphiopedilum philippinense).

References

  1. ^ Atwood, John T. (1984). "The relationships of the slipper orchids (subfamily Cypripedioideae, Orchidaceae)". Selbyana. 7 (2/4): 129–247. JSTOR 41760369.
  2. ^ Pridgeon, A.M.; Cribb, P.J.; Chase, M.W. & F. N. Rasmussen (1999): Genera Orchidacearum Vol.1, Oxford U. Press. ISBN 0-19-850513-2
  3. ^ "Selenipedium Rchb.f." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 2018-10-31.

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Selenipedium: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Selenipedium is a genus of the Orchid family (Orchidaceae) (Subfamily Cypripedioideae). The genus has been given its own tribe, Selenipedieae, and subtribe, Selenipediinae. It is abbreviated Sel in trade journals.

The name of the genus is derived from the Greek selen, which means "moon", and pedium, which means "slipper" (referring to the pouch).

The seed capsules of these Central and South American lady's slipper orchids were formerly used as vanilla substitutes, but selenipediums are now rarely cultivated. Partly this is because of the difficulty of doing so, but is probably also due to the relatively small size of the Selenipedium's flower. The wild flower's Amazonian habitat is also under threat, so extinction is a risk for all species of Selenipedium.

Accepted species include:

Selenipedium aequinoctiale Garay — Ecuador Selenipedium buenaventurae (Szlach. & Kolan.) P.J.Cribb Selenipedium chica Rchb.f. Selenipedium dodsonii P.J.Cribb Selenipedium isabelianum Barb.Rodr. — Brazil Selenipedium olgae Szlach. & Kolan. Selenipedium palmifolium (Lindl.) Rchb.f. & Warsz. Selenipedium steyermarkii Foldats — Brazil, Venezuela Selenipedium vanillocarpum Barb.Rodr. — Brazil

Allied genera include Paphiopedilum, Mexipedium, Cypripedium and Phragmipedium - a genus containing several species formerly known as Selenipedium, such as Selenipedium caricinum (now Phragmipedium caricinum), and Selenipedium laevigatum (now Paphiopedilum philippinense).

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