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Iris reticulata M. Bieb.

Brief Summary

    Iris reticulata: Brief Summary
    provided by wikipedia

    Iris reticulata (netted iris or golden netted iris) is a species of flowering plant in the family Iridaceae. It is native to Russia, the Caucasus, and northern Iran, but cultivated widely in temperate regions. The reticulata group of irises is characterised by a fibrous net surrounding the bulb. They are small plants to 15 centimetres (5.9 in), with tubular, sharply-pointed, ribbed leaves, and flowers of yellow, blue or purple with an orange blaze on the falls, appearing in early spring. They are hardy, but prefer a well-drained sunny position in soil which dries out in summer; they are therefore suitable for a rock or gravel garden.

    This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Comprehensive Description

Distribution

    Distribution
    provided by eFloras
    Distribution: Turkey, Iraq, Iran, former U.S.S.R. (Caucasus and Trancaucasus), 600-2700 m (Killens in SGBIS l.c.: 288 1997); Kashmir valley (Stewart, 1972).

Morphology

    Comments
    provided by eFloras
    Grows in mountain grassland, limestone rocks, stony slopes, oak forest and scrub.
    Description
    provided by eFloras
    Plant 7-17 cm tall at flowering. Bulb covered by coarsely reticulate-fibrous tunics, sometimes bulbils present at the base. Leaves 1-3 from each bulb, not longer than flowers, later up to 30 cm long, 1.5-3.0 mm broad, 4 angled in cross section. Aerial stem obsolescent. Flower solitary. Spathe up to 9.0 cm long, outer green, enclosing the narrow and inner membranous one. Pedicel up to 4.0 cm. Perianth very variable in colour, pale blue to violet, purple; tube 4-7 cm long, mostly covered by spathe; falls 3.2-5.5 cm long, haft 2.1-3.8 cm long, darker than rests of the flower; standards 3-5.2 cm long, erect oblanceolate. Stamens with filaments 1-2 cm; anthers 6-11 mm long. Stylar branches 3-5 cm long, with lobes 1-1.5 cm long, stigma deeply bilobed. Capsule 3.0-5.5 cm long, ellipsoid, shortly beaked, more or less at the ground level. Seeds arillate.

Cyclicity