Description

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Shrubs evergreen, 30–70 cm tall, many branched. Twigs angled, densely grayish brown pubescent, glabrescent, with scattered lenticels; bud scales inconspicuous. Leaves rather dense; petiole ca. 3 mm, pubescent; leaf blade oblong or obovate, 2–5 × 0.9–2.7 cm, leathery, adaxially densely pubescent on midvein, otherwise subglabrous on both surfaces, secondary veins 4 or 5 pairs, ascending, with fine veins inconspicuously raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, margin plane, with glandular teeth, apex rounded, mucronulate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, 1–2 cm, pubescent, ca. 6-flowered; bracts caducous, ovate-orbicular, sometimes leaflike, 0.7–2 cm × 5–8 mm. Pedicel ca. 6 mm, glabrous. Hypanthium ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous; calyx limb divided to 1/2; calyx lobes broadly triangular or undulate, 0.3–0.6 mm. Corolla pinkish, with red limbs, urceolate, ca. 6 mm, glabrous; lobes recurved, ca. 0.8 mm. Filaments 1.3–2 mm, densely spreading pubescent; anthers ca. 2.3 mm, with 2 erect spurs; tubules ca. as long as thecae. Berry 10-pseudoloculed, dark blue, 5–9 mm in diam. Fl. Jul, fr. Aug–Nov.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 14: 499 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Flora of China @ eFloras.org
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Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
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eFloras.org
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Distribution

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E. Himalaya (E. Nepal, Sikkim), S.E. Tibet, N. Burma, W. China.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
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Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
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K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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Distribution

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W Sichuan, SE Xizang, W Yunnan.
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cc-by-nc-sa-3.0
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 14: 499 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Elevation Range

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3000-4000 m
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal Vol. 0 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal @ eFloras.org
author
K.K. Shrestha, J.R. Press and D.A. Sutton
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eFloras.org
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Habitat

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Mixed forests, forest margins, alpine thickets; 3000–3400 (–4300) m.
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Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA
bibliographic citation
Flora of China Vol. 14: 499 in eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed Nov 12, 2008.
source
Flora of China @ eFloras.org
editor
Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan
project
eFloras.org
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eFloras

Vaccinium sikkimense

provided by wikipedia EN

Vaccinium sikkimense is a species of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to South-Central China, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal and Tibet.[1] It was first described by Charles Baron Clarke in 1882.[2][3] It may only be a dwarf alpine form of Vaccinium glaucoalbum.

Description

Vaccinium sikkimense is a small, rather rigid, evergreen shrub, reaching up to 1 m (3 ft) in height. Its leaves are hairless and somewhat leathery, about 25 mm long and pointed oval in shape. They are densely arranged on the stems. The pink flowers are produced in axilliary and terminal clusters in July. The clusters have pink bracts. The corolla is about 5 mm long.[3][4] The blue-black fruits ripen in August and September and have been recorded as "excellent eating".[4]

Taxonomy

Vaccinium sikkimense was first collected by Joseph Dalton Hooker in Lachen, Sikkim, and described for science by Charles Baron Clarke in the third volume of Hooker's Flora of British India, published in 1882.[2][3] In the same work, Clarke also described Vaccinium glaucoalbum (attributing the name to Hooker).[5] Some sources agree this is a separate species,[6] while others treat it as the accepted name for V. sikkimense.[7] V. sikkimense may only be the dwarfed alpine form of V. glaucoalbum.[8]

Cultivation

The species was collected by several of the early pioneers of botanical collecting in the Himalayas, including George Forrest, Joseph Rock and Frank Kingdon-Ward. Of these, only Kingdon-Ward appears to have introduced living material to cultivation, in 1931 and 1953. It was collected again and brought into cultivation in 1981, by Tony Schilling. A hardy ornamental shrub, it remains rare in cultivation, although grown in public gardens in several parts of Great Britain.[4]

Distribution

Vaccinium sikkimense is distributed from the eastern Himalayas, through northeast Nepal and southeast Tibet into west South-Central China and northwest Myanmar (Burma).[1][3] It has not been recorded from either Bhutan or Arunachal Pradesh, giving it a disjunct distribution.[4] It was originally collected at an altitude of 4,000 m (13,000 ft),[3] and was later collected at around 3,600 m (11,800 ft) in open woodland.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Vaccinium sikkimense C.B.Clarke", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2021-02-04
  2. ^ a b "Vaccinium sikkimense C.B.Clarke", The International Plant Names Index, retrieved 2021-02-04
  3. ^ a b c d e Clarke, C.B. (1882), "Order LXXXI Vacciniaceae", in Hooker, J.D. (ed.), The Flora of British India, Volume 3, London: L. Reeve, pp. 442–455, retrieved 2021-02-04 |volume= has extra text (help), p. 451
  4. ^ a b c d e Schilling, Tony (2017), "In praise of Vaccinium sikkimense", The Plantsman, New Series, 16 (3): 170–171
  5. ^ Clarke (1882), p. 453.
  6. ^ "Vaccinium glaucoalbum Hook.f. ex C.B.Clarke", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2021-02-05
  7. ^ "Vaccinium sikkimense", Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), retrieved 2021-02-05
  8. ^ Vander Kloet, S.P. & Dickinson, T.A. (2005), "RAPD typification: phenetic analysis of Vaccinium inflorescences", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 148 (4): 445–457, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2005.00429.x
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Vaccinium sikkimense: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Vaccinium sikkimense is a species of flowering plant in the family Ericaceae, native to South-Central China, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal and Tibet. It was first described by Charles Baron Clarke in 1882. It may only be a dwarf alpine form of Vaccinium glaucoalbum.

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Wikipedia authors and editors
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