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Unresolved name

Cup Lichen

Cladonia sobolescens Nyl. ex Vain.

Cladonia sobolescens

provided by wikipedia EN

Cladonia sobolescens, commonly known as the peg lichen, is a species of fruticose lichen.[2] It is found in temperate eastern North America and East Asia.

Taxonomy

Cladonia sobolescens is classified in the section Helopodium of genus Cladonia.[3] According to Finnish lichenologist Teuvo Ahti, Vainio's Cladonia clavulifera is a synonym.[1] Cladonia sobolescens is commonly known as the "peg lichen".[4]

Description

The primary squamules of Cladonia sobolescens are rounded to strap-shaped, and range in color from greyish to green to brown, depending on the degree of sun exposure it has had. When growing vertically, a white lower surface may become exposed. The podetia, which lack cups or soredia, are short and peg-like, rarely branching once or twice near the tips. They are 5–20 mm (0.2–0.8 in) tall, topped with brown apothecia that only slightly or not at all broader than the tips of the podetia.[4]

The lichen contains fumarprotocetraric acid as its main secondary metabolite, and a smaller amount of protocetraric acid.[1] It is a fumarprotocetraric acid chemotype of Cladonia subcariosa.[3]

Habitat and distribution

Cladonia sobolescens is found in temperate eastern North America and East Asia.[1] The northern limit of its North American range extends to Prince Edward Island in Canada.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ahti, Teuvo (1983). "Taxonomic notes on some American species of the lichen genus Cladonia". Annales Botanici Fennici. 20 (1): 1–7. JSTOR 23725164.
  2. ^ Wainio, Edvard August (1887). Monographia Cladoniarum universalis: I. Acta Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica. Vol. 4. p. 80.
  3. ^ a b Huovinen, Keijo; Ahti, Teuvo; Stenroos, Soili (1989). "The composition and contents of aromatic lichen substances in Cladonia section Helopodium and subsection Foliosae". Annales Botanici Fennici. 26 (3): 297–306. JSTOR 23725540.
  4. ^ a b Brodo, Irwin M.; Sharnoff, Sylvia Duran; Sharnoff, Stephen (2001). Lichens of North America. Yale University Press. pp. 270–271. ISBN 978-0300082494.
  5. ^ McMullin, Richard Troy; Clayden, Stephen R.; Selva, Steven B.; Curley, Rosemary; Schram, Lyndsay J. (2012). "A Lichen Checklist for Prince Edward Island, Canada". Evansia. 29 (1): 4–25. doi:10.1639/079.029.0102. S2CID 140538106.
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Cladonia sobolescens: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Cladonia sobolescens, commonly known as the peg lichen, is a species of fruticose lichen. It is found in temperate eastern North America and East Asia.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN