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Illiosentidae is a family of parasitic worms from the order Echinorhynchida.


Illiosentidae contains the following species:[1][a]

Brentisentis Leotta, Schmidt & Kuntz, 1982

  • Brentisentis chongqingensis Wei, 1998[2]

The species name chongqingensis was named after the location where the samples were collected: Chongqing, China.[2]

  • Brentisentis uncinus Leotta, Schmidt, Kuntz, 1982[3]

B. uncinus was found infesting the small intestines of the Tank goby (Glossogobius giuris) and Eleotris pisonis near the mouth of Keelung River, Taiwan.[3]

  • Brentisentis yangtzensis Yu and Wu, 1989

Dentitruncus Sinzar, 1955

  • Dentitruncus truttae Sinzar, 1955

Dollfusentis Golvan, 1969

  • Dollfusentis bravoae Salgado-Maldonado, 1976
  • Dollfusentis chandleri Golvan, 1969
  • Dollfusentis ctenorhynchus (Cable & Linderoth, 1963) Golvan, 1969
  • Dollfusentis heteracanthus (Cable and Linderoth, 1963)
  • Dollfusentis longispinus (Cable & Linderoth, 1963) Golvan, 1969
  • Dollfusentis salgadoi Monks, Aleman-Garcia & Pulido-Flores, 2008

Goacanthus Gupta & Jain, 1980

  • Goacanthus panajiensis Gupta and Jain, 1980

Indorhynchus Golvan, 1969

  • Indorhynchus indicus (Tripathi, 1959) Golvan, 1969
  • Indorhynchus pseudobargi Wang and Wang, 1988

Koronacantha Monks & Ponce de Leon, 1996

  • Koronacantha mexicana Monks & Ponce de Leon, 1996
  • Koronacantha pectinaria (Van Cleave, 1940) Monks & Pérez-Ponce de León, 1996

Metarhadinorhynchus Yamaguti, 1959

M. laterolabracis is the type species.[4]

Paradentitruncus Moravec & Sey, 1989

Pseudorhadinorhynchus Achmerow & Dombrowskaja-Achmerova, 1941

P. cinereus was found infesting Stromateus cinereus in Pakistan.[6]

P. mujibi was found infesting Stromateus sinensis in Pakistan.[6]

Tegorhynchus Van Cleve, 1921

Telosentis Van Cleve, 1923

Telosentis is a genus of acanthocephalans. The representatives of the genus are distributed in tropical waters of Indian ocean, Pacific coast of Australia and Mediterranean. Consists of four species:[7]

T. exiguus is a widespread intestinal parasitic worm. Its hosts are marine and brackish water fish of the Mediterranean basin. This species is found in the Mediterranean Sea[8] (near the coasts of France and Italy), in the Adriatic Sea (Italy, Montenegro), the Sea of Marmara,[9] the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov (near the coasts of Ukraine). T. exiguus is able to thrive in a variety hosts. It has been found as an intestinal parasite in anchovies, sand-smelts, shads, garfishes, eels, sticklebacks, pipe-fishes, grass gobies, some other gobies, blennies, and wrasses.

Proboscis of Telosentis exiguus from the grass goby from Ukraine

T. exiguus' tegument is covered with spines in anterior and posterior parts. Its cerebral ganglion located in central part of the proboscis sac, sometime moved to anterior region. Its proboscis is cylindrical or club-shaped, armed with 12 longitudinal rows of hooks of same type; the smaller hooks are in the posterior region of proboscis, larger is in its central part. The roots of the hooks have long forward-facing appendixes.[7]

In the Black Sea the intermediate hosts of this acanthocephalan is the amphipod Apherusa bispinosa,[10] in the coelom of which the cystacanthes are located. Fish are infested by feeding on amphipods infected with larvae.

  • Telosentis lutianusi Gupta & Gupta, 1990
  • Telosentis mizellei Gupta & Fatma, 1988
  • Telosentis molini Van Cleave, 1923



  1. ^ A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than the present genus.


  1. ^ "ITIS - Report: Illiosentidae".
  2. ^ a b Wei Gang. A new species of Brentisentis from fishes of Chongqing,China(Palaeacanthocephala:Echinorhynchida:Rhadinorhynchidae) Dong wu fen lei xue bao = Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica. 1998 ;23(4):342-345.
  3. ^ a b Leotta, S. H., Schmidt, G. D., & Kuntz, R. E. (1982). Brentisentis uncinus gen. et sp. n. and Gorgorhynchus satoi (Morisita 1937) Yamaguti 1963 from Taiwan. The Journal of Parasitology, 134-137.
  4. ^ Amin, Omar M. (September 19, 2013). "Classification of the Acanthocephala". Folia Parasitologica. 60 (4): 273–305. doi:10.14411/fp.2013.031. PMID 24261131.
  5. ^ Nadakal, A. M., John, K. O., & Jacob, A. (1990). Metarhadinorhynchus valiyathurae sp. nov., an acanthocephalid worm parasitic in the marine fish, Caranx melampygus (Cuv. & Val.). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 225(5/6), 377-382.
  6. ^ a b Kazmi, Q. B., & Naushaba, R. (2013). Checklist of marine worms reported from Pakistani marine waters. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 31(2), 187-280.
  7. ^ a b Kvach Y., Sasal P. (2010) Telosentis exiguus (von Linstow, 1901) (Palaeacanthocephala: Illiosentidae), a generalist parasite of fishes in the Mediterranean basin. Systematic Parasitology, 76(1): 9-18.[1]
  8. ^ Golvan Y.J. (1969) Systématique des acanthocéphales (Acanthocephala Rudolphi 1801). Première partie. L’ordre de Palaeacanthocephala Meyer 1931. Premier fascicule. La superfamille de Echinorhynchoidea (Cobbold 1876) Golvan et Houin 1963. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Série A), 57, 1–373.
  9. ^ Oğuz M.C. (1991) Ekınlı Lagnünüde yakalanan dere pısısı baliklari (Pleuronectus flesus luscus L. 1758) üzerıne parasıtolojık bır araştirma. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 15: 150–163.
  10. ^ Belofastova I.P., Grintsov V.A. (2003) On the Find of Acantellae of the Acanthocephalan Telosentis exiguus in Apherusa bispinosa (Amphipoda, Calliopiidae) in the Black Sea. Vestnik Zoologii, 37(4): 57–59. (in Russian)[2]
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Illiosentidae: Brief Summary

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Illiosentidae is a family of parasitic worms from the order Echinorhynchida.

Wikipedia authors and editors
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN