Chelaethiops is a genus of cyprinid fish found in lakes and rivers of Africa. While commonly called "sardines", they are not related to the true sardines of the family Clupeidae. There are currently five recognized species in this genus.
- Chelaethiops bibie (Joannis, 1835) (Lake Turkana sardine)
- Chelaethiops congicus (Nichols & Griscom, 1917)
- Chelaethiops elongatus Boulenger, 1899
- Chelaethiops minutus (Boulenger, 1906)
- Chelaethiops rukwaensis (Ricardo, 1939) (Lake Rukwa Sardine)
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Species of Chelaethiops in FishBase. August 2011 version.
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