dcsimg

Diagnostic Description

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Diagnosis: This species is similar to C. kelberi and C. pleiozona in having three dark vertical bars on side, presence of a pronounced occipital bar in large specimens, absence of black or ocellated markings laterally on head, and presence of irregular dark blotches on anterior abdominal side. Differs from C. pleiozona by having less scales in a lateral row (68-87 vs. 84-93 in C. pleiozona) and typical absence of dark vertical bar anteriorly on caudal peduncle, and from C. kelberi by absence of light spots on anal and pelvic fins and lower caudal fin (Ref. 57716).
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Recorder
Susan M. Luna
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Life Cycle

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Oviparous (Ref. 205). May spawn 3-4 times a year in batches of 50 to 100 eggs, each spawning lasting 2-3 hours (Ref. 50805).
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Susan M. Luna
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Trophic Strategy

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Specimens collected were from flood prone areas, but in the Amazon the biotopes are more varied. This fish forays along the shore where small fishes may be concentrated. Juveniles feed on shrimps, while adults are almost exclusively piscivore (Ref. 76754).
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Pascualita Sa-a
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Biology

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Specimens collected were from flood prone areas, but in the Amazon the biotopes are more varied. This fish forays along the shore where small fishes may be concentrated. Juveniles feed on shrimps, while adults are almost exclusively piscivore. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Males are sexually mature after one year while females mature after two years. During reproduction which is not markedly seasonal, large males develop a frontal hump and become territorial (Ref. 35237). Maximum length 80 cm TL (Ref. 35237).
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Crispina B. Binohlan
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Importance

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fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
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Crispina B. Binohlan
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Cichla monoculus ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Cichla monoculus és una espècie de peix de la família dels cíclids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.

Morfologia

Els mascles poden assolir els 70 cm de longitud total i els 9 kg de pes.[3][4][5]

Distribució geogràfica

Es troba a Sud-amèrica: conca del riu Amazones (Perú, Colòmbia i Brasil).[3]

Referències

  1. Bloch, M. E. & J. G. Schneider 1801. M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Auctoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Systema Ichthyol.: i-lx + 1-584, Pls. 1-110.
  2. BioLib
  3. 3,0 3,1 FishBase (anglès)
  4. Chellappa, S., M.R. Câmara, N.T. Chellappa, M.C.M. Beveridge i F.A. Huntingford, 2003. Reproductive ecology of a neotropical cichlid fish, Cichla monoculus (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae). Braz. J. Biol. 63(1):17-26.
  5. Keith, P., P.-Y. Le Bail i P. Planquette, 2000. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane (tome 2, fascicule I). Publications scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, París: 286 p.

Bibliografia

  • Axelrod, H. R., 1993. The most complete colored lexicon of cichlids. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City (Estats Units).
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette i D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts (Estats Units), 1997.
  • Kullander, S.O. 1986. Cichlid fishes of the Amazon River drainage of Peru. Swedish Museum of Natural History, Estocolm, Suècia.
  • Kullander & Ferreira (2006). A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, Vol. 17, Núm. 4, pp. 289-398.
  • Moyle, P. i J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a edició, Upper Saddle River, Nova Jersey, Estats Units: Prentice-Hall (2000).
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3a edició. Nova York, Estats Units: John Wiley and Sons. Any 1994.
  • Ortega, H. i R.P. Vari, 1986. Annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Peru. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (437):1-25.
  • Römer U.: Cichliden Atlas, Bd. 1. Melle. 1311 p. Any 1998.
  • Stiassny, M. L. J. 1982. The relationships of the neotropical genus Cichla: a phyletic analysis including some functional considerations. J. Zool. Lond. 197: 427-453.
  • Stiassny, M. L. J. 1987. Cichlid familial intrarelationships and the placement of the neotropical genus Cichla. J. nat. Hist. 21: 1311-1331.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a edició, Londres: Macdonald. Any 1985.

Enllaços externs

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Cichla monoculus: Brief Summary ( Catalan; Valencian )

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Cichla monoculus és una espècie de peix de la família dels cíclids i de l'ordre dels perciformes.

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Cichla monoculus

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Cichla monoculus, sometimes known as the tucanare peacock bass ("peacock bass" is also used for some of its relatives), is a very large species of cichlid, and a prized game fish. It is native to the Amazon basin in South America, but has also been introduced to regions outside its natural range (e.g., Florida and Hawaii). It reaches 80 cm (31 in) in length and 9 kg (20 lb) in weight.[1]

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Cichla monoculus" in FishBase. April 2011 version.
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Cichla monoculus: Brief Summary

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Cichla monoculus, sometimes known as the tucanare peacock bass ("peacock bass" is also used for some of its relatives), is a very large species of cichlid, and a prized game fish. It is native to the Amazon basin in South America, but has also been introduced to regions outside its natural range (e.g., Florida and Hawaii). It reaches 80 cm (31 in) in length and 9 kg (20 lb) in weight.

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Cichla monoculus ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Cichla monoculus es una especie de peces de la familia Cichlidae en el orden de los Perciformes.

Morfología

Los machos pueden llegar alcanzar los 70 cm de longitud total y los 9 kg de peso.[1][2][3]

Distribución geográfica

Se encuentran en Sudamérica: cuenca del río Amazonas (Perú, Colombia y Brasil ).

Referencias

  1. FishBase (en inglés)
  2. Chellappa, S., M.R. Câmara, N.T. Chellappa, M.C.M. Beveridge y F.A. Huntingford, 2003. Reproductive ecology of a neotropical cichlid fish, Cichla monoculus (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae). Braz. J. Biol. 63(1):17-26.
  3. Keith, P., P.-Y. Le Bail y P. Planquette, 2000. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane (tome 2, fascicule I). Publications scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, París: 286 p.

Bibliografía

  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, núm. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, Estados Unidos. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, Nueva Jersey, Estados Unidos : T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, Estados Unidos , 1997.
  • Hoese, D.F. 1986: '. . A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlín, Alemania.
  • Maugé, L.A. 1986. '. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Bruselas; MRAC, Tervuren, Flandes; y ORSTOM, París, Francia. Vol. 2.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4a. edición, Upper Saddle River, Nueva Jersey, Estados Unidos: Prentice-Hall. Año 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3a. edición. Nueva York, Estados Unidos: John Wiley and Sons. Año 1994.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2a. edición, Londres: Macdonald. Año 1985.

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Cichla monoculus: Brief Summary ( Spanish; Castilian )

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Cichla monoculus es una especie de peces de la familia Cichlidae en el orden de los Perciformes.

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Cichla monoculus ( Basque )

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Cichla monoculus Cichla generoko animalia da. Arrainen barruko Actinopterygii klasean sailkatzen da, Cichlidae familian.

Banaketa

Erreferentziak

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Ikus, gainera

(RLQ=window.RLQ||[]).push(function(){mw.log.warn("Gadget "ErrefAurrebista" was not loaded. Please migrate it to use ResourceLoader. See u003Chttps://eu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berezi:Gadgetaku003E.");});
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Cichla monoculus: Brief Summary ( Basque )

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Cichla monoculus Cichla generoko animalia da. Arrainen barruko Actinopterygii klasean sailkatzen da, Cichlidae familian.

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Cichla monoculus ( Dutch; Flemish )

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Vissen

Cichla monoculus is een straalvinnige vissensoort uit de familie van de cichliden (Cichlidae).[1] De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort is voor het eerst geldig gepubliceerd in 1831 door Louis Agassiz.

Bronnen, noten en/of referenties
  1. (en) Cichla monoculus. FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. 02 2013 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2013.
Geplaatst op:
27-02-2013
Dit artikel is een beginnetje over biologie. U wordt uitgenodigd om op bewerken te klikken om uw kennis aan dit artikel toe te voegen. Beginnetje
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Cichla monoculus ( Norwegian )

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Cichla monoculus er en art av ciklider. De er fisk som lever i ferskvann i Sør-Amerika, øst for Andes.

Cichla-artene er blant de største ciklidene.

Det er forskjeller på kjønnene hos alle artene. De er rovfisk og har øyeflekk ved haleroten.

Arter i slekten Cichla

Referanser

Eksterne lenker

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Cichla monoculus: Brief Summary ( Norwegian )

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Cichla monoculus er en art av ciklider. De er fisk som lever i ferskvann i Sør-Amerika, øst for Andes.

Cichla-artene er blant de største ciklidene.

Det er forskjeller på kjønnene hos alle artene. De er rovfisk og har øyeflekk ved haleroten.

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單麗魚 ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科
二名法 Cichla monoculus
Agassiz, 1831

單麗魚,為輻鰭魚綱鱸形目隆頭魚亞目慈鯛科的其中一,分布於南美洲亞馬遜河流域,體長可達70公分,棲息在底中層水域,屬肉食性,生活習性不明,可作為食用魚及觀賞魚。

參考文獻

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單麗魚: Brief Summary ( Chinese )

provided by wikipedia 中文维基百科

單麗魚,為輻鰭魚綱鱸形目隆頭魚亞目慈鯛科的其中一,分布於南美洲亞馬遜河流域,體長可達70公分,棲息在底中層水域,屬肉食性,生活習性不明,可作為食用魚及觀賞魚。

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