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Helicarionidae

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Helicarionidae is a family of air-breathing land snails or semi-slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicarionoidea.[2]

Distribution

The distribution of Helicarionidae includes the eastern Palearctic, Malagasy, India, south-eastern Asia, Hawaii, and Australia.[3]

Anatomy

Species of snails within this family make and use love darts made of chitin.

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 21 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[4]

Taxonomy

The following two subfamilies were recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):[2]

  • subfamily Helicarioninae Bourguignat, 1877 - synonyms: Pseudotrochatellinae A. J. Wagner, 1905;[5] Ereptinae Godwin-Austen, 1908;[6] Xestinae Gude & B. B. Woodward, 1921;[7] Sesarinae Thiele, 1931;[8] Nitoridae Iredale, 1937;[9] Epiglyptidae Iredale, 1944;[10] Gudeoconchidae Iredale, 1944[10]
  • subfamily Durgellinae Godwin-Austen, 1888[11]
    • tribe Durgellini Godwin-Austen, 1888 - synonyms: Sitalinae Godwin-Austen, 1900;[12] Sophininae W. Blanford & Godwin-Austen, 1908;[13] Satiellini Schileyko, 2003[14]
    • tribe Girasiini Collinge, 1902[15]

Genera

Genera within the family Helicarionidae include:

subfamily Helicarioninae

subfamily Durgellinae

subfamily ?

Cladogram

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationships of this family to other families within the limacoid clade:[3]

.mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%}.mw-parser-output table.clade td{border:0;padding:0;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.8em;border:0;padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{border:0;padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left;vertical-align:middle}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right} limacoid clade Staffordioidea

Staffordiidae

      Dyakioidea

Dyakiidae

Gastrodontoidea

Pristilomatidae

     

Chronidae

     

Euconulidae

   

Trochomorphidae

       

Gastrodontidae

   

Oxychilidae

            Parmacelloidea

Trigonochlamydidae

   

Parmacellidae

   

Milacidae

        Zonitoidea

Zonitidae

Helicarionoidea

Helicarionidae

     

Ariophantidae

   

Urocyclidae

        Limacoidea

Vitrinidae

     

Boettgerillidae

     

Limacidae

   

Agriolimacidae

               

References

  1. ^ Bourguignat J. R. (1877). "Description de deux nouveaux genres algériens, suive d'une classification des families et des genres de Mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles du système européen". Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles de Toulouse 3(1): 49-101. page 64.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  3. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  4. ^ G. M. Barker (2001). The Biology of Terrestrial Molluscs. CABI. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-85199-318-8.
  5. ^ Wagner A. J. (1905). Denkschriften der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 77: 365.
  6. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1908). "On the Animals of Genera and Species of Mascarene Land-Mollusca belonging to the family Zonitidae, collected by Monsieur E. Dupont". Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8)2: 422-436. 432. Plate 9-11.
  7. ^ Gude G. P. L. K. & Woodward B. B. (1921). "On Helicella, Férussac". Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 14(5-6): 174-190. page 185.
  8. ^ Thiele (1931). Handbuch der systematischen Weichtierkunde 1(2): 620.
  9. ^ Iredale T. (1937). The Australian Zoologist 9(1): 2.
  10. ^ a b Iredale T. (1944). The Australian Zoologist 10(3): page 326 and page 328.
  11. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1888). Land and freshwater Mollusca of India 1(6): 253.
  12. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1900). In: Sykes Mollusca. In: Sharp (ed.) Fauna Hawaiiensis 2(4): 283.
  13. ^ Blanford W. T. & Godwin-Austen H. H. (1908). The fauna of British India. Mollusca. Testacellidae and Zonitidae, page 283.
  14. ^ Schileyko (2003). Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, part 10: 1319.
  15. ^ Collinge (1902). The Journal of Malacology 9(3): 71, 73.
  16. ^ Bank, R. (2017). Kalidos Gude, 1911. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=996393 on 2017-11-05
  17. ^ Ho Wai Hoong "A Review Of The Land-Snail Fauna Of Singapore" The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 1995 43(1): 91-113

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Helicarionidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Helicarionidae is a family of air-breathing land snails or semi-slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicarionoidea.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN