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Dekeyseria
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Dekeyseria is a genus of suckermouth armored catfishes native to tropical South America.

Species

There are currently six recognized species in this genus:[1]

Taxonomy

Dekeyseria was first described with D. amazonica as type species in 1985 by Rapp Py-Daniel.[2] Later, Zonancistrus was described for D. brachyura, D. picta, and D. pulchra. However, this distinction was based on colouration, which is not a useful characteristic in diagnosing genera in loricariids; other genera such as Hypancistrus and Pseudolithoxus also exhibit a range of colouration patterns.[2] Though Dekeyseria is not diagnosed by any unique characteristic, it is still a well-diagnosed genus.[2]

Distribution

Dekeyseria species are known from the Rio Negro, floodplain lakes of the Amazon, and upper Orinoco.[2]

Description

Dekeyseria is an unusual group of fishes that appear similar to Lasiancistrus. Colour pattern is variable with some species brown with some mottling in the fins, and others with a bold pattern of brown bars on a tan background. In brown species, the abdomen is slightly lighter than the sides. In barred species, the head has large tan spots, the spots becoming larger posteriorly until the bars form as separate entities. There are about eight bars in these barred species.[2] However, Dekeyseria species are also able to change their colours quickly, like a chameleon, to fit their mood or their surroundings.[3][4]

The species are flattened more than typical Ancistrini, and the lateral plates have median rows of long, sharp odontodes forming keels. Odontodes form well-developed rows above and below the keel rows in all individuals. Tentacles are associated with odontodes on the pectoral fin spine and snout, but are shorter than the supporting odontodes (rather than longer, as in Ancistrus).[2] These fish range in size from 10.0–21 centimetres (3.9–8.3 inches) SL.[1]

Breeding males develop elongated odontodes along the snout margin anterior to the evertible cheek odontodes and on the pectoral fin rays. In some species, the cheek odontodes are extremely long. The brown species appear to have a greater development of the snout odontodes and the barred species a greater development of the pectoral fin spine odontodes.[2]

Ecology

Dekeyseria has been reported as an air-breather.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Species of Dekeyseria in FishBase. December 2011 version.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Armbruster, Jonathan W. "Dekeyseria Rapp Py-Daniel, 1985". Retrieved 2007-07-18..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  3. ^ "PlanetCatfish::Cat-eLog::Loricariidae::Dekeyseria brachyura". 2006-01-28. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
  4. ^ "PlanetCatfish::Cat-eLog::Loricariidae::Dekeyseria scaphirhyncha". 2006-08-16. Retrieved 2007-07-18.
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Dekeyseria: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN
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