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Laetacara
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Laetacara is a small genus of cichlids native to soft, acidic freshwater habitats in South America.[1] The genus is also collectively known as the smiling acaras.[1][2] The range of the genus extends from the upper Orinoco River in Venezuela to the Paraná River in Paraguay.[3] Like all cichlids, Laetacara species have well-developed brood care.

All members of the genus are monogamous, open spawning cichlids.[1] Most species are popular in the fishkeeping hobby and are frequently kept in aquariums.[3] Laetacara species are relatively small cichlids, growing from 5-10 centimetres (2–4 in) in length and are part of the group known to aquarists as dwarf cichlids.[1]

Species

There are currently seven recognized species in this genus:[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Loiselle, Paul V. (1995). The Cichlid Aquarium. Germany: Tetra Press. ISBN 1-56465-146-0..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"""""'"'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ Kullander, S.O. (1998). "A phylogeny and classification of the South American Cichlidae (Teleostei: Perciformes)". In L.R. Malabarba; R.E. Reis; R.P. Vari; Z.M. Lucena; C.A.S. Lucena (eds.). Phylogeny and classification of neotropical fishes. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 461–498. ISBN 978-85-7430-035-1.CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link)
  3. ^ a b Linke H, Staeck L (1994) American cichlids I: Dwarf Cichlids. A handbook for their identification, care and breeding. Tetra Press. Germany. ISBN 1-56465-168-1
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2017). Species of Laetacara in FishBase. May 2017 version.


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Laetacara: Brief Summary
provided by wikipedia EN

Laetacara is a small genus of cichlids native to soft, acidic freshwater habitats in South America. The genus is also collectively known as the smiling acaras. The range of the genus extends from the upper Orinoco River in Venezuela to the Paraná River in Paraguay. Like all cichlids, Laetacara species have well-developed brood care.

All members of the genus are monogamous, open spawning cichlids. Most species are popular in the fishkeeping hobby and are frequently kept in aquariums. Laetacara species are relatively small cichlids, growing from 5-10 centimetres (2–4 in) in length and are part of the group known to aquarists as dwarf cichlids.

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